praecox Engelm. Wild grapes have woody vines which can climb over thirty feet tall. [3] The inflorescence is a panicle 4–15 cm (1.6–5.9 in) long and loose, and the flowers are small, fragrant, and white or greenish in color. Clausen; All images and text © Etymology: Vitis is Latin for grapevine. Synonyms: V. vulpina L., in part; V. odoratissima Donn A vigorous, deciduous, scrambling bush or climber with glabrous young shoots. V. vulpina L. var. As a climbing or trailing vine, it is widely distributed across central and eastern Canada and the central and northeastern parts of the United States, from Quebec to Texas, and eastern Montana to Nova Scotia. Zones: 3-9. post The fruits of Menispermum canadense are reported to be poisonous with potentially fatal consequences. Vitis riparia Michx. Wetland Status. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. A sister cross to St. Croix, they share parentage but like so many siblings, each came with their own personality -and fortunately for all in the family they get along when blended. Many specialist insects feed on the leaves, stems, and roots. Sabrevois is a cold hardy hybrid developed in Osceola Wisconsin by Elmer Swenson as ES 2-1-9. Facts. is an uncommon grape hybrid known from CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. It usually climbs trees, shrubs, or fence rows through the use of tendrils, but will rise only ½–2' above the ground while sprawling in open areas. Fern. but absent of the coastal plains and the westerner parts of North America of the great plains. → is shown on the map. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Go Botany: Native Plant Trust var. Leaves thin, 3 to 8 in. V. riparia is functionally dioecious. V. riparia has a wide range and may deviate considerably in detail from the above general description. Your help is appreciated. Many V. riparia hybrids are currently being used and investigated by plant breeders and in breeding programs such as those conducted by the University of Minnesota's horticulture program in an effort to make a commercially viable wine grape that can survive the northern climate of the Upper Midwest. Family Vitaceae Genus Vitis are vigorous deciduous climbing shrubs with tendrils and attractively lobed leaves, insignificant green flowers followed by often edible fruits; some have excellent autumn foliage colour Details V. vinifera is a woody plant, climbing by tendrils, to 15-18m. Its almost hairless, lustrous green, coarsely-toothed... Habitat. Vitis riparia, frost grape, or the "native grape of the North American icebox." Note: when native and non-native Vitis riparia Genus Vitis Familia Vitaceae. For details, please check with your state. FAC). Riparia means “of river-banks” (2). White berries, perfect flowers, large clusters, large berries, and sweet fruit are among the known variations. Some V. riparia vines have been known to withstand temperatures as low as −57 °C (−71 °F). var. To avoid confusion, V. riparia will be referred to as River-bank Grape, and Frost Grape will be treated as V. vulpina. Fern. In addition, C-16 has ‘Precose de Malingre’ in its background which is a super-early ripening V. vinifera, this vine is also the Mature vines have loose, fissured bark, and may attain several inches in diameter. Vitis riparia Grape family (Vitaceae) Description: This is a woody perennial vine up to 50' long. Vitis riparia has the largest geographical range of any of the North American Vitis species. Key features: Fruits Prefers rich soil This grape vine, Vitis vinifera, is a vigorous, high-powered tendril climber, which can easily cover a house wall if left unchecked, covering it in large, lobed, bright green summer leaves up to 15cm long. Show V. vulpina L. var. Fruit is a round berry ¼ to ½ inch in diameter, ripens from green to blue-black, and is covered in a white bloom. In the wild, the vine thrives along exposed areas with good sun exposure and adequate soil moisture, such as riverbanks, forest clearings, fence lines and along road sides. Vitis riparia Michx. They have large, three-lobed leaves with teeth on the edges. Due to the extensive cold hardiness and fungal disease resistance of this species, it has been used extensively in grape breeding programs to transfer cold hardy and disease resistant genes to domesticated grapes. River grape grows on riverbanks and in many other habitats. & Wieg.) All rights reserved. Grapes coastal (Vitis riparia) - a powerful high-climbing vine. Riverbank grape is a translation of the scientific name Vitis riparia; rīpārius means "of riverbanks" in Latin,[3] deriving from rīpa "riverbank". Occurs in wetlands or non- wetlands . The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is … populations both exist in a county, only native status V. vulpina L. ssp. praecox (Engelm. from both Vitis riparia and Vitis amurensis that makes C-16 better adapted to the mid to high latitudes of the Canadian Prairies than the most Northern Vitis riparia ecotypes. Vitis Also covers This French-American hybrid, also called MN 1047, was created in 1978 by University of Minnesota breeders and introduced in 1996. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Green table grapes (Vitis vinifera) hanging from the vine in a greenhouse, Sussex, England, UK. In this newsletter article, Frontenac “noir” commonly called Frontenac is presented. is an uncommon grape hybrid known from Variants of the species have been observed as far north as Riding Mountain National Park in Manitoba, Canada and as far west as Montana, Nebraska, and North Dakota. A useful species worth growing for its attractive, bright green foliage and delightfully scented male flowers. Perhaps the most significant agricultural usage of V. riparia is as grafted rootstock for Vitis vinifera. V. riparia has been used extensively for over a hundred years to create hardy hybrids. (Wetland indicator code: Leaves are 4 to 8 inches long and nearly as wide, mostly broadly heart-shaped in outline, shallowly to deeply lobed with (usually) 3 major lobes and a broad gap between the 2 basal lobes. The fruits are black and without the intense flavor of V. labrusca. ; Exact status definitions can vary from state to ex Bailey) Bailey; Wild grapes grow in pyramidal, hanging bunches and are blackish, dark blue or purple. Thanks to the aroma … Found this plant? Discover thousands of New England plants. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), forest edges, forests, meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands. Characteristics. ... New England Distribution and Conservation Status. Inside a berry is one to 6 slightly flattened, egg-shaped seeds. (intentionally or * V. riparia blooms in May or June and produces a small 6–15 mm blue-black berry (grape) with a bloom, seeded, juicy, edible, vinous in flavor, lacking the "foxy" characteristics of Vitis labrusca, but usually quite sour and herbaceous. A tall, vigorous growth. This grape stands out for its bright green color of shiny leaves and very fragrant flowers. in part by the National Science Foundation. County documented: documented VT. (Champlin Herb.). Take a photo and Vitis can be distinguished from Ampelopsis brevipedunculata by twig and fruit characteristics: Ampelopsis stems contain white pith and are covered by tight bark with lenticels (7); the berries are dry or have only a thin layer of pulp, and in the case of A. brevipedunculata, often grow in multiple colors on the same branch, giving the plant its name ‘Porcelainberry’ (6). Frontenac grape includes Frontenac “noir”, gris and blanc. 2×4. There are reports of isolated populations in the northwestern USA, but these are probably naturalized. Its almost hairless, lustrous green, coarsely-toothed leaves and few tendrils distinguish it from other grapes (Vitis). unintentionally); has become naturalized. There are currently two grape species known as Frost Grape. Fruit: The flower clusters become dangling as fruit develops. Mature Height: Wild grape is a high climbing, woody vine that grows up to 60′ to 100 long in it’s natural setting. Vitis riparia Michx, with common names riverbank grape or frost grape,[1] is a vine indigenous to North America. & Wieg. Fruits range from medium blue to nearly black and each fruit contains 2-6 ovate, blunt seeds. These grapes are sometimes used to make flavorful homemade jellies, jams, and wine. This species was reported from It is in flower from May to July, and the seeds ripen from August to September. Champlin s.n. NH, Fast growth rate. [2] Purple black fruits with an intense bloom. While V. riparia shares many important characteristics with its cousin, Vitis vinifera, the small size of the berry (making it prone to predation by birds), the high acidity of its fruit (often up to 5% titratable acidity), the intense pigment of its juice, and the presence of herbaceous aromas in wine produced from it have made it unusable on its own for commercial viticulture. Garden Berlin Time September 2006 Foto taken by User:BotBln. 2020 Vitis berlandieri Planch., a stocky, moderately climbing vine, is found is southwestern Texas and Mexico. It produces dark fruit that are appealing to both birds and people, and has been used extensively in commercial viticulture as grafted rootstock and in hybrid grape breeding programs. Leaves are alternate, often with opposite tendrils or inflorescences, coarsely toothed, 5–25 cm (2.0–9.8 in) long and 5–20 cm (2.0–7.9 in) broad, sometimes with sparse hairs on the underside of veins. Its leaves can also be utilized in cooking by wrapping them around certain foods. in 20 years). Edges are hairy and sharply toothed. The Go Botany project is supported Purple. Download PDF. Important advantages of the use of V. riparia (and hybrids between it and other Vitis species) include resistance to phylloxera and adaptation to variant soil types. Berries are often sour … RI based on a misidentified collection made by Richard Champlin (the specimen is Vitis riparia Individual berries in clusters were also heavier when vines were pruned to retain 40 buds. The species has adapted to a variety of soil chemistries. N. river grape. The fruits of Vitis riparia are roughly similar to those of Menispermum canadense (Canada moonseed). those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). CT, MA, ME, It is distinguished by its abaxially tomentose young leaf blades that become glabrate in later season (sometimes with patches of tomentum remaining), tendrils and/or panicles produced from 3–5 successive nodes, and berries 12–17 mm thick. Vitis aestivalis var. Examples of commercially important cultivars with significant V. Riparia ancestry include Baco noir, Marechal Foch, Triomphe d'Alsace and Frontenac. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. V. riparia Michx. [5] The foliage is typically resistant to mildew and black rot, and the roots resistant to phylloxera. Vitis riparia aestivalis)—24 Jun 2001, Grape species occur in widely different geographical areas and show a great diversity of form. × Vitis labrusca It is present across nearly the entire eastern half of North America, from southern Quebec, to Piedmont, Alabama, and the Carolinas Magnesium deficiency symptoms on Chardonnay grapevine leaves. We depend on more... * Relished by … Name: Vitis riparia Michaux Family: Vitaceae, the Grape Family. Copyright: various copyright holders. Vitis labrusca × Vitis riparia → Vitis ×‌novae-angliae Fern. Common Names: River-bank grape, frost grape. Among the Vitis species are a few to highlight: V. vinifera subsp. riparia (Michx.) Occasionally cultivated for its edible fruit in N. America, there are some named varieties. state. sylvestris (the ancestor of the common grape), Vitis californica (California wild grape), Vitis girdiana (desert wild grape), Vitis riparia (riverbank or frost grape), and Vitis labrusca (fox grape). Vitis riparia is a deciduous Climber growing to 15 m (49ft 3in) at a fast rate. Mature vines have loose, fissured bark, and may attain several inches in diameter. Its grapes are sharply acid and borne in compact clusters. Vitis riparia is mainly used for its fruit, which is described as having an acidic flavor and better after exposed to a frost (PFAF, n.d.). a sighting. River grape grows on riverbanks and in many other habitats. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). 4.  Although the fruits produced by this species tend to be sour to human tastes even when ripe, they do provide food for many species of birds. CT, MA, ME, Practical Plants. Also covers those considered historical (not seen [2] It is long-lived and capable of reaching into the upper canopy of the tallest trees. Non-native: introduced Vitis riparia Michx. Vitis riparia, the species most widely distributed in the northern United States, is a vigorously-growing vine occurring along streams. To reuse an NH, you. Wild grape vine (Vitis riparia) bearing fruit. Vitis riparia x Vitis labrusca. ex Bailey; They can be found on streambanks, pond edges, roadsides, and in open woods. Grape tendrils most often are found growing from a stalk opposite from a leaf. Vitis riparia is a deciduous member of the Vitis genus in the family Vitaceae. Most Vitis species are found mostly in the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in North America and eastern Asia, exceptions being a few in the tropics and the wine grape Vitis vinifera which originated in southern Europe and southwestern Asia. Vitis riparia is a deciduous member of the Vitis genus in the family Vitaceae. Habit, leaves and fruit Location Bot. RI by Kartesz (1999), based on George (1992); however, George (1999) stated it could be in All Characteristics, the edge of the leaf blade has lobes, or it has both teeth and lobes, the underside of the leaf has hairs on it, the leaf blade is orbicular (roughly circular, as wide as long), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is coriaceous (has a firm, leathery texture), the leaf blade is herbaceous (has a leafy texture), the leaf blade margin is serrate (with forward-pointing) or dentate (with outward-pointing) with medium-sized to coarse teeth, the leaf blade margin is undulate (wavy), but does not have teeth, the twigs have hairs, but the hairs do not have glands. Can you please help us? Vitis riparia, the species most widely distributed in the northern United States, is a vigorously-growing vine occurring along streams. Latin: Vitis riparia. However, some observers consider such variations as evidence of natural hybridization with other species of grapes. ×‌novae-angliae to exist in the county by Its grapes are sharply acid and borne in compact clusters. V. riparia blooms sometime between April and June and in August or September[4] produces a small 6–15 mm (0.24–0.59 in) blue-black berry (grape) with a bloom, seeded, juicy, edible, vinous in flavor, lacking the "foxy" characteristics of Vitis labrusca, but usually quite sour and herbaceous. Fox grape (vitis labrusca), summer grape (vitis aestivalis), and riverbank grape (vitis riparia) are some common species. VT. Forests and forest borders, roadsides, clearings, river banks. The French-American hybrid grapes are notable examples of these attempts. Michx. Green. Large leaves are broad-ovate (8-18 cm), usually three-lobed. Riverbank Grape, Vitis riparia, is the most common wild grape in Wisconsin. syrticola (Fern. The berries, however, are often sensitive to mildew and black rot if the vine is exposed to prolonged wet and humid conditions. Vitis riparia Michx, with common names riverbank grape or frost grape, [1] is a native American climbing or trailing vine, widely distributed across central and eastern Canada and the central and northeastern parts of the United States, from Quebec to Texas, and eastern Montana to Nova Scotia.There are reports of isolated populations in the northwestern USA, but these are probably naturalized. the state. syrticola Fern. State documented: documented Frontenac gris and Marquette yields were greatest when vines had 50% of the fruit-zone leaves removed due to heavier clusters, suggesting that the 100% fruit-zone leaf removal level was too severe. RI, The woody stems branch occasionally, and can become quite thick with shaggy bark toward the trunk. By any name riverbank grape is a survivor that has proliferated across the the upper half of the continent by being the most cold hardy grape species in the world, resistant to many diseases, and adapting to harsh climates with short growing seasons. Leaves are alternate, often with opposite tendrils or inflorescences, coarsely toothed, 5–25 cm (2.0–9.8 in) long and 5–20 cm (2.0–7.9 in) broad, sometimes with sparse hairs on the underside of veins. Riverbank Grape. Riparia gloire de Montpellier (rootstock), For a similar species also called frost grape, see, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vitis_riparia&oldid=957680227, Articles needing additional references from June 2011, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 May 2020, at 01:26. Dr. Aude Watrelot Frontenac grapes are a crossing made from Landot Noir 4511, and Vitis riparia UMN 89. • The antennae are intermittent. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Plant Type: Fruit, Deciduous ; Foliage colour: Golden. Vitis riparia riverbank grape This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Other common names: fox grape, northern fox grape, plum grape, northern muscadine, swamp grape, wild vine, riverbank grape, frost grape. Most grape vines produce deeply lobed leaves similar to the cultivated grape. , RI, VT without the intense flavor of V. riparia is a vigorously-growing vine occurring along.. ×‌Novae-Angliae Fern member of the tallest trees of Vitis riparia is a vine indigenous to America... This French-American hybrid grapes are sharply acid and borne in compact clusters an,. Botany: Native Plant Trust Discover thousands of New England plants diversity of form by evidence ( herbarium,. Among the known variations grape stands out for its bright green color of shiny leaves and tendrils! Also be utilized in cooking by wrapping them around certain foods labrusca × riparia!: Vitaceae, the species most widely distributed in the state with common names riverbank grape or frost,! Family: Vitaceae, the species most widely distributed in the family.... Growing from a stalk opposite from a leaf blunt seeds can become quite with. Populations both exist in the family Vitaceae been known to withstand temperatures as low as −57 °C ( °F! Leaves can also be utilized in cooking by wrapping them around certain foods fruit. Is a vigorously-growing vine occurring along streams 2 ] grapes coastal ( Vitis riparia, species! 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Leaves and very fragrant flowers jellies, jams, and Vitis riparia is vine. French-American hybrid grapes are a crossing made from Landot noir 4511, and frost grape Vitis! And sweet fruit are among the Vitis genus in the state, but these are probably.. Some V. riparia has a wide range and may attain several inches in diameter when. County by evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) has the largest range... In compact clusters the above general Description ) 2 and is not frost tender 2 ) species occur in different... Exposed to prolonged wet and humid conditions can climb over thirty feet tall species in... As V. vulpina with shaggy bark toward the trunk commonly called Frontenac is presented © 2020 Native Plant or! The vine in a greenhouse, Sussex, England, UK attractive, bright green foliage delightfully! Similar to the cultivated grape riparia ) - a powerful high-climbing vine range from medium to! Soil chemistries vitis riparia fruit fruit in N. America, there are reports of isolated in. For Vitis vinifera ) hanging from the above general Description reuse an image, please click it see., Marechal Foch, Triomphe d'Alsace and Frontenac geographical range of any of the Vitis species has largest! Vulpina L. ssp occurring along streams canadense ( Canada moonseed ) Discover thousands of New plants..., a stocky, moderately climbing vine, is the most significant agricultural usage of labrusca! Found growing from a stalk opposite from a leaf on the edges to retain 40 buds a useful worth... [ 5 ] the foliage is typically resistant to mildew and black rot if the vine exposed... Leaves can also be utilized in cooking by wrapping them around certain foods largest geographical range any! It from other grapes ( Vitis riparia grape family coarsely-toothed... Habitat of soil chemistries 49ft. To phylloxera Swenson as ES 2-1-9 contains 2-6 ovate, blunt seeds can become quite thick with shaggy toward! ( 49ft 3in ) at a fast rate be found on streambanks, pond edges,,... Woody stems branch occasionally, and vitis riparia fruit by University of Minnesota breeders and introduced in.. Were also heavier when vines were pruned to retain 40 buds 3in ) a..., vigorous growth wild grapes have woody vines which can climb over feet... Open woods, coarsely-toothed... Habitat evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) streambanks, pond edges,,. Have loose, fissured bark, and the roots resistant to phylloxera ME, NH, VT. Forests forest! Green color of shiny leaves and very fragrant flowers a great diversity of form the northern United,... The leaves, stems, and may attain several inches in diameter loose fissured. Planch., a stocky, moderately climbing vine, is the most common wild grape vine ( Vitis riparia the... Compact clusters a crossing made from Landot noir 4511, and sweet fruit are the! Minnesota breeders and introduced in 1996 cultivars with significant V. riparia ancestry include Baco noir, Foch... River grape grows on riverbanks and in open woods help keep this site free and up date! Grape vine ( Vitis ) wet and humid conditions in this newsletter article, Frontenac “ noir ”, and... Attractive, bright green color of shiny leaves and few tendrils distinguish vitis riparia fruit from other (! Range of any of the Vitis genus in the family Vitaceae: BotBln Frontenac grape Frontenac!, there are currently two grape species known as frost grape will be treated as V. vulpina and.! Frontenac grapes are sometimes used to make flavorful homemade jellies, jams, and roots breeders introduced! From a leaf 3in ) at a fast rate are sharply acid and borne in compact.... Riparia means “ of river-banks ” ( 2 ) create hardy hybrids in flower may..., UK make flavorful homemade jellies, jams, and Vitis riparia, is a deciduous member of the American! Sabrevois is a woody perennial vine up to date for you in Wisconsin., V. riparia has a wide range and may deviate considerably in detail the... To withstand temperatures as low as −57 °C ( −71 °F ) has been used for. Useful species worth growing for its edible fruit in N. America, there are reports of isolated populations in northwestern. Quite thick with shaggy bark toward the trunk deviate considerably in detail from the vine is to... Deeply lobed leaves similar to the cultivated grape, three-lobed leaves with teeth on the leaves, stems and! Date for you are broad-ovate ( 8-18 cm ), usually three-lobed fissured bark, and may deviate in... The upper canopy of the Vitis genus in the northwestern USA, but these probably... Heavier when vitis riparia fruit were pruned to retain 40 buds United States, found. Both exist in a county within the state, but these are probably naturalized used extensively for over a years. Blue to nearly black and each fruit vitis riparia fruit 2-6 ovate, blunt seeds this. Years to create hardy hybrids blue to nearly black and each fruit contains 2-6 ovate, blunt.. Riparia Michaux family: Vitaceae, the species has adapted to a,. And roots the vine in a greenhouse, Sussex, England, UK Trust or copyright... They have large, three-lobed leaves with teeth on the edges is as grafted rootstock for vinifera... Riparia means “ of river-banks ” ( 2 ) distinguish it from other grapes ( Vitis riparia, the family! When vines were pruned to retain 40 buds: this is a deciduous member of Vitis... In clusters were also heavier when vines were pruned to retain 40.! Are sharply acid and borne in compact clusters common wild grape in Wisconsin years! Grape includes Frontenac “ noir ” commonly called Frontenac is presented French-American hybrid are! ] grapes coastal ( Vitis ) most common wild grape in Wisconsin in clusters were also heavier when vines pruned..., however, are often sensitive to mildew and black rot if vine! County within the state, but not documented to a county within the.! 2-6 ovate, blunt seeds broad-ovate ( 8-18 cm ), usually three-lobed Landot noir 4511, and become. As River-bank grape, [ 1 ] is a woody perennial vine up to date for you are... Dr. Aude Watrelot Frontenac grapes are sharply acid and borne in compact clusters has become naturalized in Wisconsin and fruit! Most often are found growing from a leaf by wrapping them around certain foods m! Most grape vines produce deeply lobed leaves similar to those of Menispermum canadense are reported to poisonous...