To carry out responsibility, a manager requires adequate authority or power. The position of each individual is to be fixed, i.e., whether he is to be in the position of authority or in the subordinate position. The meaning of authority is not simple and clear. When a subordinate works under a boss and he is assigned some duties to be performed, he will be accountable for doing or not doing that work. Top management must ensure that the responsibilities and authorities for relevant roles are assigned, communicated, and understood within the organization.The top management must primarily take accountability for the effectiveness of the QMS and understand that its success or failure depends on them. Similarly, accountability follows responsibility. Without authority, a manager … Social beliefs, goals habits and customs. Stimulate interest and, whenever possible, provide incentive. It is based on the influencer’s, desire to identify with or imitate the influence. According to Hicks- “Responsibility is the obligation to do something”. Some scholars say that authority is the power to make decisions and some opinion that it is a right and power to influence others. Authority – ‘Authority’ means ‘Legal or rightful power, a right to command or to act’. If the subordinate does a poor job, the superior cannot evade the responsibility by stating that poor performance is the fault of the subordinate. Accountability is incurred as a result of delegation of responsibility and authority. They must feel and treat all the employees on an equal ground. 1. The power corresponds to the term authority. According to R.C. A manager will not be able to function efficiently without proper authority. A manager who has never thought about whether his orders will be followed or not and who has never considered ways of increasing understanding and acceptance of these orders, is not likely to be effective. The person who is involved in that emergency situation exercises the authority to handle that situation, though it is not formally delegated to him through the chain of command. Plagiarism Prevention 5. An important principle of management governing this basic relationship is that of single accountability. This authority holds the organization together. In other words, a communication carries authority if it is accepted by the recipients as authoritative. 4. Not responding to unacceptable performance unfortunately increases the likelihood that it will occur again. However, responsibility is always result-oriented so far as the management is concerned. Responsibility may be continuing or it may terminate with the accomplishment of a single action. Copyright 10. The former occupy a superior position, while the latter are placed in a subordinate position. A superior is normally responsible for all actions of groups under his supervision even if there are several layers down in the hierarchy. Consider the following example: You’ve recently joined a team working on a project to develop […] 5. The three terms go together. If superior gave authority to the subordinate, then the subordinate’s responsibility has been increasing simultaneously. Authority refers to the right to make decision and to command subordinate to follow these decisions. It depends to a large extend on the personal traits of leadership, ability to persuade others to work well to accomplish organization goals. It always originates from the superior-subordinate relationship. Thus, by observing above cited definitions one can conclude that authority involves three elements viz., power to use directions and make decisions, the right to compel for its obedience and the power to influence the behaviour or actions of the sub-ordinates. Authority, Responsibility and Accountability in Management: Relationship of Authority and Responsibility: Essays, Research Papers and Articles on Business Management, Responsibility: Meaning, Concept and Forms | Organisation, Delegation of Authority and Principles Related to it, Delegation of Authority | Essay | Organising | Management, Authority and Responsibility: Comparison | Organising | Management, Authority and Responsibility and Accountability, Core Concepts of Marketing: Top 8 Concepts. Everything you need to know about the authority, responsibility, accountability in management. However, the process is not complete unless the subordinate is answerable to the superior for his functioning. It is in fact the legal responsibility. In the words of Theo Haimann, "Responsibility is the obligation of a subordinate to perform the duty as required by his superior". These are the basic premises of the process of managing. It has a meaning, only when it is applied to a person. Authority is one of the founding stones of formal and informal organisations. The person holding the position has to perform the duty assigned. There must be an atmosphere in the enterprise in which the employees pay their best regards to their bosses. According to Henri Fayol, "Authority is the right to give orders and the power to exact obedience. ", According to Mooney and Reily, "Authority is the principle at the root of Organisation and so important that it is impossible to conceive of an Organisation at all unless some person or persons are in a position to require action of others.". Report a Violation 11. Key difference: In business functions, 'authority' and 'accountability' are roles which work hand-in-hand. Accountability is most meaningful if standards for performances are predetermined and if they are fully understood and accepted by the subordinates. It is an absolute and cannot be delegated. In order to make this process effective the standards of performance should be determined before assigning a task and should be accepted by the sub-ordinate. Disclaimer 8. A very important condition of the successful use of authority is that the employees must have an interest in the work for which they are responsible. “Authority is the right to give order and the power to exact obedience”. If they do not have a feeling of regard for them, they may not obey their orders. Authority is delegated from above but must be accepted from below i.e. The use of authority by a manager over his sub-ordinates is restricted by the following factors: A manager’s authority is restricted by the enterprise goals, objectives, politics, programmes and procedures etc. (g) Moral obligation because of regard for old age, experience, competence, etc. Answerability to the superiors regarding completion of the job in conformity with the directions is called accountability. Many persons derive informal authority because of their competence. Paul Gillard, PhD & Rachel Radwinsky, PhD herethink to be accountable is to be held culpable for your actions, even that “If you are responsible for something, you are also accountable”. For example, a doctor has expert power on his patients. It is unitary in nature i.e., a sub-ordinate under the principle of unity of command is accountable only to one officer who has delegated authority to him. Responsibility is in the form of a continuing obligation. A person must choose to take responsibility for something themselves. It is based on the influencer’s ability to punish the influence for not carrying out orders or for not meeting requirements. Committees are appointed for special purposes and usually on an adhoc basis. Authority originates in the hierarchy the subordinate is answerable under his obligation all authority originates the! 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