Back. After the war she resumed her refrigerated meat service, sailing between Liverpool and Australia. The two other officers, Ludwig Dithmar and John Boldt were tried and convicted. Various sources. All 14 Nursing Sisters on board lost their lives. She was leased by the Commonwealth and was part of the first convoy transporting the 3rd Infantry Brigade to Egypt in November 1914. A small rowing boat is near the stern of the ship. Joining with the 26 Australian transports were another 10 from New Zealand with an escort provided by the cruisers HMSMinotaur, HMAS Melbourne and HMAS Sydney. With over 6 million British Service Men serving abroad during the Great War, transporting the troops was a considerable undertaking.Recording their movement was a necessity, especially considering the range of their destinations – these records include ports ranging such as … The Ascanius was re-employed as a troopship in the Second World War. The Southland was repaired and returned to White Star–Dominion for Liverpool–Quebec–Montreal service in August 1916, but on 4th June 1917 was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine SM U-70 while 140 nautical miles (260 km) northwest of Tory Island off the Irish coast. In Australia in 1914 matters of foreign affairs and declarations of war and peace were within the exclusive province of the British Imperial Government. She was unescorted, and on 8 October 1916 and U-35 torpedoed her in the Mediterranean between Sardinia and Tunisia.Her munitions exploded and she sank in 15 minutes. The Alexander Turnbull Library and the National Library of New Zealand have significant collections relating to all aspects of New Zealand and New Zealanders during the First World War. Its first … Built in 1906 by Barclay Curle & Co. Ltd of Glasgow. It is unclear if they were ever recaptured. 11,796 tons, speed 13 knots. She then proceeded to Egypt via Aden where the troops (and prisoners) disembarked. Australia’s free online research portal. Sealing wax, medical supplies, dentists porcelain teeth, collar studs, gold, silver and brass watches, pipes, fountain pens, lead printing blocks, printing paper, copper pipe, dinner sets, comic books, silk, fabric, brass picture frames and hockey sticks have all been found. Alaunia: In 1914 the Alaunia and the Andania, were used as troop ships carrying Canadian troops across the Atlantic. Background. The transport ships are listed in chronological order, helping to tell the story of an Australian Infantry battalion during the First World War from their departure from Australia, arrival in Egypt, Gallipoli, and France, and then for the return to Australia at the end of the war. On board, the crew consisted of one hundred and sixty-four men, eighty officers and men of the Canadian Medical Corps, and fourteen nurses, a total of two hundred and fifty-eight persons. In the summer of 1915 both the ships were involved in the Gallipoli campaign. Sydney, NSW, 1916-05. My soldier was a member of the 67th Battalion (Western Scots) and sailed aboard the RMS Olympic in early April 1916. The transport ship Ascanius (A11) a steam passenger ship which was requisitioned in 1914 as troop transport for the Australian Expeditionary Force and returned to the owner in 1920. Unknown to Captain William Smith German submarine captain Oberleutnant Johann Lohs was watching him through the periscope of UB-57.  She was armed with a quick-firing gun mounted on her stern as a defence against U-boats. This collection includes photographs of the many troop transport ships from WWI. The list of ships below includes ships for which information can be found in the timetables/sailing lists or other publications shown on this website. There are a total of [ 119 ] WW1 Warships and Submarines (1914-1918) entries in the Military Factory. About U.S., World War I Troop Transport Ships, 1918-1919. Subsequent sailings in 1920 would take young English women to New Zealand in search of a husband. She sank the next morning. In January 1916 and following the recent evacuation from Gallipoli, the Ascanius picked up and transported the 22nd Battalion that had were waiting in Mudros Harbour, Lemnos, bound for Egypt where the AIF was re-grouping. 12,130 tons, length 163m. Troop transport HMAT Benalla (A24), crowded with troops, departing from the wharf. World War II Troop Ships is a "Fang, Ramses & Rupert " production. In addition, I now can offer a partial passengerlist of soldiers carried by the USS George Washingtonto Europe during the War(those listed are primarily officers). In March 1915, Kyarra was converted into a troop transport. So if you are looking for a particular ship or unit, you will have to use the FIND function in your browser. Just twenty four people survived the attack on the lifeboats, including six members of the Canadian Army Medical Corps. A Miss Campbell, known affectionately to the soldiers as ‘the girl with the flags’, gained fame during the course of the war for the welcome she gave to troop ships passing through Durban, South Africa. Launched in 1913, the Ulysses was the largest ship to serve as a troop carrier, and was leased by the Commonwealth until 15th August 1917. During its sail from Egypt to Gallipoli on the 2nd September 1915 at 9:45am it was torpedoed by the German submarine UB-14 30 nautical miles (56 km) from Lemnos in the Aegean Sea. On 6 November 1914 she was requisitioned and converted into a hospital ship (HMAT A.55 Kyarra) for the purpose of transporting Australian medical units to Egypt. WW1 Points of Interest Combined Battalions Various Photos Australian Troop Ships A - I Tasmania 1915 Queensland 1914 - 1915 2nd Pioneer Battalion FOR KING and EMPIRE South Australians who have Responded to their Country's Call. In all she completed nine transport trips from Australia until her final voyage on 11th May 1917, which also included the 19th reinforcements of the 22nd Battalion. World War II merchant ship movement records for Australia. The ship did not sink immediately, and was eventually beached on Lemnos, and all but 40 of 1,400 men were able to leave in lifeboats and were picked up by other transports. Being a Hospital Ship, it was clearly identified as such with a brightly illuminated Red Cross, was unarmed and running with full lights. In September 1915 she was used to transport the 22nd Battalion from the Greek island of Lemnos to Anzac Cove on the Gallipoli Peninsula. On 31st December 1917, having sailed from Southampton with troops and medical personnel on board, the Osmanieh was sunk by a mine from the German submarine UC-34 at the entrance to the Alexandria Harbour. For questions or comments about this site, please e-mail ww2_troopships@comcast.net. During her time in operation the Osterley would run 59 voyages from the United Kingdom to Australia before being decommissioned and broken up in 1930. I came across two excellent resources while researching the story behind a soldier from Victoria, BC and I thought I’d share them with you. The Llandovery Castle was struck by torpedo at night, and despite difficulty the crew and medical staff were able to get into a number of lifeboats before she sank, and they started to pick up survivors in the water. However with most of the U-boat crew now below deck in preparation for diving, orders were given to open fire on the lifeboats to destroy the evidence of the torpedoing. Although torpedoed she made it to port and resumed service to Australia in 1946. Includes specifications, date of building and builder and some photographs, arranged by name of shipping company. This was denied and the Captain and Medical Officer were allowed back into the lifeboat. The Scotian was finally scrapped in 1927. She described in verse the arrival in 1920 of the last ship to Australia, the Shropshire. Browse this collection. These merchant ship papers have been scanned from the original documents and are posted in PDF format. A hospital ship (HS) is designated for primary function as a medical treatment facility or hospital; most are operated by the military forces or navies of various countries around the world, as they are intended to be used in or near war zones. Royal Australian Navy. Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. (This is a mandatory criterion. The Ascanius was originally a passenger / refrigerated cargo steamship owned by the Ocean Steamship Company, Liverpool. Personnel files are the most useful source for researching First World War soldiers, and should be the researcher’s first port of call. 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