Personally I don’t have too much faith in scientific research, after all, before The Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan circumnavigated the globe in 1519 it was scientifically proven that the world was flat. For example, it is … Great companion plant and a pest deterrent We hope you enjoy these Flower seeds, just a It can be an organic way to protect your crops from pests or it could help improve pollination of fruit and vegetable crops. To this day my favorite example of the complexity of companion plants is a study (published in 1980!) The petals of French marigolds can also be added as decoration to … It is of course based on the way plants grow in nature but tweaked to our advantage. The calendula is a hardy annual herb with a height and spread of 24 inches(60 cms). French Marigolds. How to Plant Marigolds. In fact there is actually evidence that supports the theory that rabbits eat marigolds. Annual; Grows up to 10 Inches; Great companion plant for vegetable gardens! Can you please help me by posting links proving that? Tomatoes ripening beside marigold flowers Dwarf French beans with kale A color wheel … Marigolds are dependable bloomers that add a spark of bright color to the garden throughout summer and early autumn. These flowers are native to Mexico and Central America, but they are commonly known as French Marigolds. In order to reap the benefits of French marigold companion planting, the marigold root system must be left in place. The scent of the flowers can repel animals and insects and what is more, under the ground, marigolds can repel nematodes and other pests from an area for up to three years. Your email address will not be published. And french marigolds reported to repel the aphids so if you use these two in companion with your vegetables, the aphids will have a hard time to get to your precious produce. Steve, Your email address will not be published. To keep a constant display of flowers deadhead regularly, and only allow them to set seed in late summer. By planting the marigold in companion with other plants you will have a healthier and prettier garden. The roots also encourage the growth of mycorrhizal fungi which exchange nutrients with host plants for their mutual health and growth. Although its name suggests otherwise, this plant was the first native to the American continent, and it then spread to Europe, where it became native to France. This means cutting the marigold plant out at the soil line (no-till style) rather than pulling it out at the end of the season. Sign up for our newsletter. Now, the “Big Question”: does it work? Thank you so much, Steve. Clear the garden bed and prepare the soil where you are looking to plant marigold plant. Both French (Tagetes patula L.) and English marigold (Calendula officinalis) have been used as effective companion plants in a number of other pest/crop scenarios. Cabbages are adversely effected by marigolds and yet, they repel cabbage white butterflies and cabbage moths. Marigolds emit a strong odour that will repel greenfly and blackfly. Grow French marigolds among tomatoes. These flowers are different than Pot Marigolds which are also called Calendula. French marigolds should not be confused with another useful plant ... Marigolds are not just a good companion plant – they are an edible crop in their own right. The pretty little marigold with it’s flowers ranging from yellow, through orange, to red, is a welcome sight in any garden. It seems like there is a new marigold shade or petal type introduced each year. (tips on growing marigold in your garden) Bright orange flowers add a splash of color to your garden. Use them freely in beds, borders, edges, pots, and boxes. x French Marigold (Dwarf) Seeds - Dainty Marietta Tagetes patula. With light green, lance shaped leaves and aromatic smell. Grow sage with carrots or plants in the cabbage family to ward off pests. The old gardeners he asked said “it’s because we’ve always done it this way”. By: Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer. Marigolds are one of the most commonly recommended companion plants but many of the claims are myths. French marigolds blooming in my garden last summer! I hope this helps you but gardening is not an exact science, as there are too many variables and my guides are really just that, guides. Gardeners value these popular plants for more than their appearance, as many think they have pest-repellant properties that help keep nearby plants healthy and free of harmful bugs. It’s them time to discard it and make some more if needed. On todays episode we are going to talk about companion plantings such as marigolds and dive deeper into the practice. There are many flowers that can be planted in companion with vegetables to improve crops, not just marigolds. Good luck with your permaculture course Rienie, permaculture is a great concept. When companion planting, French Marigold is mainly used as a pest repellent. Consider size as well, as marigolds range from petite, 6-inch (15 cm.) These plants attract many beneficial insects including bees, butterflies and hover flies. As marigolds are annuals they will not survive the winter in the UK. Both French and African Marigolds deter nematodes and white flies and many other pests. The soil has to be dug up to about 6 to 10 inches deep and then add organic matter to the soil. I may just add that I have always been (and still is) a huge fan of planting marigolds as companion for certain crops, especially in the organic garden or permaculture landscape. Flowering from Spring and continuing to flower until the first frosts (as long as you deadhead) this annual is a good value, beneficial, cheerful plant. There have been some reports that marigolds also repel rabbits but I can find no evidence to support this. Used in many culinary and medicinal recipes, the calendula is a good plant to grow in the herb garden. After you check out the rest of this marigold companion guide, be sure to also check out our g… In a sea of green in your home garden, the marigold provides a burst of bright color, and a friendly companion to the rest of the garden’s vegetables. Here are a few ideas to help you decide what to plant with marigolds: Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. They aren’t fussy about soil type, but well-drained soil is an absolute must. Your mileage may vary, so experiment with different combinations to discover what works best in your garden. There is a fairly limited amount of actual scientific information on companion planting, but it is safe to say that some combinations do seem to work, while others can be a bit hit and miss. Marigolds also attract many pollinator insects including bees, butterflies and hover flies so it’s not all bad . If you are planting French marigold seeds indoors, they need a warm area. Here’s the link to that paper. For example, blue and purple flowers are complementary for orange and yellow marigolds. While you can plant marigolds alongside flowers of similar hues, you can also choose plants in complementary colors. Marigolds planted in containers can become crowded if planted too close together. The only way to eradicate ground elder completely is to remove every piece of root.The Mexican marigold (tagetes minuta) will inhibit the growth of ground elder. It has nothing to do with their chemistry, it is to do with their silhouette. If allowed to set seed they will grow the following spring in great profusion, but allowing them to set seed will stop them from producing any more blooms in the current year. French marigolds (Tagetes patula) give off a distinctive smell that whitefly hate – so planting them under tomatoes, especially in the greenhouse, helps keep this pest at bay. The petals can be added to a range of salads, as in this excellent example: Egg and Tomato Salad With Marigold and Chive Flowers @ lavenderandborage.com. Companion planting is a well-researched (and implemented) pest control strategy and is believed to be founded on ‘associational resistance’ [ 12, 13 ]. There are a number of vegetable plants that can benefit from the addition of marigolds in the garden. However if you leave some flowers to set seed, you will have a supply of marigolds for next season. Companion planting is all about creating plant communities which have mutual benefits to each other. Marigolds are drought-tolerant plants that thrive in sunny, hot weather. However, I fail to find scientific reports on the positive effects of marigolds on the other listed crops (see above). Week Five – The Baker’s Cafe Community Allotment, http://chemung.cce.cornell.edu/resources/companion-planting, Hoverflies What Are They And Why Are They Important, Companion Plants – A Quick Guide To Assisting Nature, How to freeze broad beans without blanching. Pingback: Week Five – The Baker’s Cafe Community Allotment. I have discussed marigolds in detail in Are Marigolds Good For Companion Planting? A prolific seed producer, this annual gives the impression of being a perennial and will grow in most soil types but prefers well drained soil. A color wheel can help you determine what complementary colors might work in your garden. The natural oils will remain in the soil for many weeks and will continue to repel harmful nematodes. Tagetes patula, the French marigold, is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family, native to Mexico and Guatemala with several naturalised populations in many other countries. Well, for starters, companion planting is a northern hemisphere concept that works a treat up there, but not as well down here in Australia. Mix the earth from your garden with special flower plant soil mix and keep a distance of around 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 cm) between plants. They also aid in pollination by attracting bees to your garden. It certainly never hurts to try planting a few marigold plant companions in your garden. The French Marigold is the smallest of the 2 and is probably the most recognisable to the average gardener. After 2 weeks it will start to decompose and will smell disgusting. Planting of French marigolds purchased in containers (pots sold in the horticulture stores) usually starts during the month of April to May. Thanks Rienie, Planting French Marigold Seeds. Thank you for your help. Scientific research doesn’t always back up claims that marigold companion planting repels pests, but gardeners with years of hands-on experience say otherwise. They should be planted everywhere for a … Growing French Marigold flowers . Cabbages are adversely effected by marigolds and yet, they … Or for more height try planting delphiniums, hydrangeas, or even aquilegia. Optional: If soil is nutrient-starved, add some slow-release (granular) fertilizer in the planting hole. You can easily grow these flowers from seeds indoors or outdoors. According to collins dictionary, the term mycorrhiza is…, an association of a fungus and a plant in which the fungus lives within or on the outside of the plant’s roots forming a symbiotic or parasitic relationship. But, those lovely marigold flowers can also provide a natural pest deterrent as well as strength to other plants. This post is dedicated to the Tagetes genus, which make up the other 2 types of marigold. To make sure an area is clear of nematodes, sow tagetes as a cover crop and hoe into the soil. Enhance the growth of basil, broccoli, cabbage, cucumbers, eggplants, gourds, kale, potatoes, squash and tomatoes. For all their many benefits, unfortunately marigolds are attractive to slugs and red spider mites. No this is a myth. Frost kills marigolds. French marigolds to 3-foot (1 m.) African marigolds that show up best in the back of the flower bed. Winged female aphids flying in search for cabbage recognise their leaf shape, and the finely divided leaves in the genus Tagetes changes the silhouette of a cabbage planting and they keep moving. But the term “enhanced growth” is not defined. I particularly like to grow these as companions to my tomato plants and I have explained their benefits in more detail below. They can be easily recognized, thanks to their double flower heads, and they usually have red, mahogany, orange, or yellow petals. Also grown as annuals, they are much more tolerant of hot, dry conditions and their blooms can be up to 15 cms(6 inches) in diameter. Botanical name - Tagetes patulaMasses of rusty red flowers with bright yellow centres Compact, uniform plants for beds or containers. Once established these nematodes are difficult to eradicate as they can survive on many different roots including weeds. Some flower with single rows of petals, while others have fluffy double blooms. Well, yes and no. Much appreciated. It is widely cultivated as an easily grown bedding plant, with thousands of different cultivars in brilliant shades of yellow and orange.. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! I have a friend who entered the teaching profession after years as a petro-chemist.He told me most of the teachers in his school were basically teaching just from books and when questioned on any part of that book, they had no ideas of their own. French marigolds should generally be spaced 8-10 inches apart while the larger African varieties should be spaced 10-12 inches apart. Companion Planting Guide. Likewise beans don’t get on too well in close proximity to marigolds but the benefits can still be obtained by applying the same principle as with cabbages. What is companion planting? Leave for 7 days then strain the liquid into a spray bottle,diluting with equal amounts of water. Rabbits eat marigolds. Best wishes always They are known commonly as French and African marigolds. Companion planting of carrots and onions, for example, is beneficial because the strong smells of both distract pests to either one. Mel questioned the ideas about sowing whole packets of seeds only to effectively kill off many in the thinning process. They offer not only beauty but great companion planting benefits. Apart from their colourful display, marigolds offer many other benefits to the organic gardener. Why? Yes, although marigolds repel many pests, unfortunately marigolds attract slugs and red spider mites. Keeping the slugs and/or spider mites away from your crops. But what I hear you ask of the Mexican or Aztec and the American marigold well all will be revealed. Now dig a small hole about 4 to 5 inches deep in the prepared soil to place the marigold plant. Be careful though as slugs just love french marigolds. The same applies to deadheading, and seed saving as with the French marigolds. So by growing Mexican marigolds close by and removing Ground Elder roots regularly you will eventually clear this evasive root. Seeds need a temperature of 70 to 75 degrees F. (21-23 C.) to … The flowers which bloom from spring through to autumn, range from yellow to orange. Hi Rienie, Thanks for your time and conversation. French marigolds can easily be started from seed, while African marigolds are best purchased as young plants (when started from seed, they can take a long time to flower). They also attract slugs, snails and aphids. To prevent fungal diseases like blight in potatoes or tomatoes and mildew, make a marigold spray. Here are some common vegetables that enjoy marigold companions: When planting flowers and foliage plants as marigold plant companions, select those that share the same growing conditions. Marigolds as a Companion Plant. Buy as inexpensive plugs and pop into borders, pots or growing bags between plants, 10cm apart. Marigolds are a natural insect deterrent, so can increase the growth and health of fruits and vegetables such as broccoli, kale, cucumbers, eggplant, melons or tomatoes. This type of marigold is concise, as they only grow up to 18 inches tall. Plus what is scientific fact today will be disproved by another scientist as fiction tomorrow. Spacing: Follow the guidelines on the back of the seed package for plant spacing. The old saying still applies I think, “Those who can do, and those who can’t teach” Marigolds make good companion plants for potatoes, tomatoes, basil, cucumbers, aubergines, squash, melons, asparagus, sweet corn, chillies and peppers. Read on to learn about companion planting with marigold flowers. French marigolds to 3-foot (1 m.) African marigolds that show up best in the back of the flower bed. Required fields are marked *, Notify me of follow-up comments via e-mail. Growing to a height of 20-30 cms (10-12 inches) the French marigold is commonly grown in window boxes, hanging baskets, pots and formal garden displays and is a much favoured annual. Have you heard of Mel Bartholomew’s Square Foot Gardening? Its flowers will keep away a wide range of insects including aphids, beetles, beet leaf hoppers, nematodes, water flies and tomato worms. Unless you live in a hot climate where marigolds are perennials, Marigolds are grown as annuals, so they need to be replanted each year. We talk about a number of plants that make great companions for marigold and have found two vegetables that experts disagree on. Planting French marigold seeds can be done by starting them in the house before 4 to 6 weeks before winter has passed or by direct seeding once all danger of frost has passed. By extension from that, just check which plants are afflicted by these pests and the conclusions are that marigold companion planting is a beneficial practise to the organic gardener. As with all designs it is down to individual taste but as a guide try planting blue flowers like bluebells, anemones, violets or pansies. Photo courtesy MOTHER EARTH NEWS editors . There are 2 different types of marigold grown in the UK, 3 if you include the “pot marigold”(calendula). Marigolds also deter harmful beetles including bean beetles and asparagus beetles, leaf hoppers, white flies, tomato moths, cabbage white butterflies, cabbage moths and sweet corn moth. Once marigolds are finished, hoe them into the soil to repel nematodes for much longer. I appreciate your reply. Get Rid of Blackfly on Broad Beans for Good. Secondly, it doesn’t work so well because i… Add the dug out soil over the organic matter and cover it completely. Which ever variety of marigold you grow take care when handling as the natural oils contained in the plant can cause skin irritation. Marigolds secrete through their roots a chemical substance that keeps harmful nematodes like eel worms away. Both of these are beneficial as companion plants and some space should be allocated in your garden for at least one of these varieties. The information contained within these posts have taken me many hours to accumulate and I hope it is of some benefit to others. Consider the marigold as your garden’s first line of defense, as the flower acts as a natural deterrent to pests that plague vegetable gardens like nematodes, cabbageworms, and beetles. Companion planting with marigolds of this type (Tagetes minuta) with tomatoes and eggplant is likely to be beneficial because both tomato and eggplant are susceptible to both M.incognita and M.javanica: and research suggests Tagetes minuta is resistant to those two root knot nematodes. French Marigold and companion planting. Mix with soft soap to make it stick to your plants, this mixture will remain viable for about 2 weeks. French marigolds add a bold pop of color. Marigolds repel the cabbageworm that attacks plants in the cabbage family. Allow the soil to … http://chemung.cce.cornell.edu/resources/companion-planting. Even better results are achieved if many marigold plants are grown prior to planting the veggie crop in the same location. Grow African marigolds in areas which receive less rainfall than average and water sparingly because too much water will cause them to rot and die. Companion Planting Marigolds With Vegetables Marigolds make good companion plants for potatoes, tomatoes, basil, cucumbers, aubergines, squash, melons, asparagus, sweet corn, chillies and peppers. While you can plant marigolds alongside flowers of similar hues, you can also choose plants in complementary colors. This can be used to your advantage however, by growing marigolds as a sacrificial plant. Marigold's statue as a perfect companion plant is coming under scrutiny. That being said, they produce many seeds and will sprout next year if the soil is undisturbed. Claims for Marigold Companion Plants Here are just some of the claims I found online. I hope you can convince your tutor but somehow I have my doubts, as many seemed blinkered. Using French or African marigolds as a companion to cabbages is for deterring aphids, not grasshoppers. Water: Marigolds are drought tolerant and so be careful not to overwater. By deadheading your marigolds, they will keep producing flowers until the first frosts. Thank you for taking the time to read my post and comment too, I hope this is of some help to you. There are many ways to determine which flowers to plant with marigolds, by size, colour or style. However the Cornell university has a paper published on companion planting in which it states that marigolds enhance potatoes, roses, and tomatoes. French Marigolds are such a great flower for the home gardener. To overcome this problem, try growing marigolds around brassicas but not within their root span. Just add fresh marigold flowers, leaves and/or stems to a bucket, crush, and fill with water. Marigolds form the backbone of many plantings because of their diversity and adaptability. T fussy about soil type, but they are regularly deadheaded many plantings because of diversity... Detail in are marigolds good for companion planting, the calendula is a difficult weed to clear the... 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Sacrificial plant, but don ’ t grow them in large clumps and allow some set. Or containers next year if the soil is an absolute must 7 then! Than their French counterparts ) African marigolds that show up best in the soil to repel harmful nematodes to! Repel rabbits but I can find no evidence to support this, they. Variety of marigold mainly used as a sacrificial plant, but they are known commonly as French marigolds purchased containers... Green, lance shaped leaves and aromatic smell Dainty Marietta Tagetes patula with single rows of,... One works in companion with vegetables to improve crops, not just marigolds easily grow these flowers native! So experiment with different combinations to discover what works best in your garden the and/or. In 1980! 5 inches deep in the plant can cause skin irritation by deadheading your marigolds, marigolds...