This species feeds on sorghum in India. However, their true tolerance needs to be confirmed further. Leafhoppers typically lay their eggs on the underside of leaves. Syn. This species causes economic losses in maize and sorghum (Dupo and Barrion et al., 2009) in the tropics and coastal areas of subtropical and temperate regions of all continents (Singh and Seetharama, 2008). P. maidis-vectored maize mosaic virus (MMV) wiped out the maize crop of the Maya civilization in Central America and thus was considered to be one of the main reasons for the classic Maya collapse (Brewbaker, 1979; Hannikainen, 2011). There are some closely similar species and subspecies recognized in the United States, viz., B. leucopterus leucopterus (Say), B. leucopterus hirtus Montandon, Blissus insularis Barber, and Blissus occiduus Barber. They feed on sorghum in India. fragile species. Bank Angle Vs Roll Angle, Castor is a host to more than 100 species of insects and is used as an insect trap plant in several crops. E. decipiens is commonly referred to as the “green leafhopper” because of its colouration. Life cycle of grape leafhoppers in California. �� G���U�n�^^�+�(vr�r�OB���? Original species combination: Cimex phyllopus Linnaeus, 1767: 731. Syn. Most leafhopper species affecting grapevines do not infest grapes exclusively. Its outbreaks have always been a difficult problem for the growers of cotton in the Punjab, and it has often resulted in the complete failure of this crop (Lal, 1941). Adult longevity is about 2 weeks in males and as many as 13 weeks in females (Butani and Jotwani 1984). Record last updated - 12/09/2019 Name Authority; Amrasca biguttula biguttula (Ishida) Amrasca biguttula punctata (Melichar) Amrasca devastans (Distant) Chlorita biguttula: Ishida: Empoasca biguttula C. mbila (Naudé, 1924) China, 1928: 61–63. (2001) observed moderate resistance to Spodoptera in an Indian castor cultivar CO-1. In Mexico, purple top (also referred to as “punta morada” in Spanish) damage has historically been confounded with damage caused to potatoes by the psyllid Bactericera (= Paratrioza) cockerelli, which has recently been associated with zebra chip potato disease and the bacterium “Candidatus Liberibacter” (Rubio-Covarrubias et al. Suborder: Heteroptera; Infraorder: Pentatomorpha. Learn more. Thanki et al. The pronotum has trapeziform, punctulate, posterior angles slightly obtusely acute; anterior angles are obtuse, anteriorly with a distinct collar, apices robustly callose; hemelytra is flavescent, punctulate, sparingly fulvous-pubescent; clavus and sutual portion of the corium are roseate; legs are concolorous, tibiae are armed externally with 10 or 11 black spinules; the apices of the tarsi are fuscous. Beauveria bassiana is the most widely used fungus for controlling agricultural and forestry pests. 1974, Khurana et al. Adults are wedge-shaped, about 2 mm long, and pale green in color with a black dot on the posterior portion of each forewing. Leaves gathered on the fields of the Institute were dissected in search of the jassid eggs. The mating behavior of Empoasca devastans (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) involves an increase in the locomotor activity of males and a decrease in that of We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website.By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. N. cincticeps has been recorded on barnyard millet. In addition to toxins derived from entomopathogenic fungi can interfere with the cellular and humoral immunity of the host, some entomopathogenic fungi have evolved strategies to evade the recognition of immune system by changing the structure of their cell surfaces (Wang and St Leger, 2006). Potato yellow dwarf virus and beet curly top virus are transmitted by leafhoppers (Empoasca spp.). Indian Journal of Entomology 27, 104-106. Those species passing through several generations per year are generally the most serious, as their numbers can increase dramatically throughout the season. The Kitchen Home Cooked For The Holidays Recipes, A Randomized Complete Block Design with six treatments and three replications was used for insecticide experiment; and five treatments with three replications for variety trial. In Europe, Empoasca leafhoppers tend to be particularly damaging, especially E. vitis. Amrasca devastans Chlorita biguttula Shiraki, 1913 Chlorita bigutulla Husain & Lal, 1940 Chlorita bimaculata Matsumura, 1917 Empoasca biguttula Empoasca bipunctata Schumacher, 1915 Empoasca devastans Distant, 1918 Empoasca devastans Lefroy, 1906 Empoasca devastens Cherian & Kylasam, 1938 Empoasca nigropunctata Merino, 1936, Most likely Amrasca biguttula biguttula; previously, Amrasca devastans, and Empoasca devastans.. Distribution. 1) was kept in the laboratory in 15 × 20 cm jars. Spilostethus hospes (Fabricius, 1794) (Fig. Razaq M, Suhail A, … Genitalia: �o"U���P�T�d����wGΌ���z�ͼy3+�-#NuB�:J5�������+�9�﯈�?N8DNJ����G/�O��('w?��F#�U�. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Of cultural practices, basal leaf removal is particularly useful in removing most first-generation leafhoppers. B. rehi (Lindinger, 1943) Miller, 1973: 372. Original combination: Phytocoris pallidus Rambur, 1839. Fairyfly (Hymenoptera, Mymaridae) egg parasitoids of the tea green leafhopper Empoasca (Matsumurasca) onukii Matsuda (Hemiptera, Cicadellidae), an economically important pest in Asia of the tea plant, Camelliasinensis, were identified from specimens reared in Japan.Using a combination of genetic and morphological evidence, Anagrus (Anagrus) rugmanjonesi Triapitsyn & Adachi-Hagimori, … If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, 0000239682 00000 n Pygofer in lateral aspect about as long as wide, ventral margin with distinct long spine extending posterodorsad beyond dorsal margin of pygofer; aedeagus in lateral aspect with long basal process; aedeagal shaft curved, short, attenuated apically; gonopore apical; style in dorsal aspect simple, lateral margin of apices serrate; female seventh sternum in ventral aspect with caudal margin convergent apically. Leafhopper vectors of the potato stolbur phytoplasma in Europe include Hyalesthes obsoletus, H. phytoplasmakosiewiczi, Euscelis plebejus, Aphrodes bicinctus, and Macrosteles quadripunctulatus (Brčák 1979, Salazar and Javasinghe 2001, Slack 2001). Natural transmission is through a vector, Cestius phycytis (Eutettix phycytis) while Empoasca devastans is a less effective vector. Original combination: Delphax lugens StÃ¥l, 1854: 246. Empoasca devastans[Amrasca biguttula] Dist has been reported as a major pest from all the cotton-growing areas of India, It also attacks other crops and ornamental plants. first reported in 1939 this species as a vector of little leaf of brinjal (eggplant). Brachypterous wings show a distal thick dark patch and a small anal spot. Syn. 0000005548 00000 n Any parasites hatching from the material were preserved in 70% alcohol. Commonly called potato leafhopper, this species is more common outside India. U2 360 Tour, This species is found in Australia, China, India, the Malayan Archipelago, Myanmar, New Caledonia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the Palearctic region (Ghosh, 2008). Delphax psylloides Lethierry, 1897: 105–106; Dicranotropis maidis (Ashmead, 1890); van Duzee 1897: 225–261; Liburnia psylloides (Lethierry, 1890); Kirkaldy 1904: 175–179; Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead, 1890); Kirkaldy 1907: 186. How To Deal With Anxiety, Burrowing bugs Stibaropus Dallas, 1851. Damage results from disruption of phloem (Trivedi and Rajagopal 1999). A consideration of the light trap collections Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. Asia, Africa (restricted), Oceania. Leafminer, Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess), Diptera Agromyzidae, causes severe damage to castor foliage right from cotyledenary stage to 150 days after planting. Empoasca devastans[Amrasca biguttula] Dist has been reported as a major pest from all the cotton-growing areas of India, It also attacks other crops and ornamental plants. Leafhopper, Empoasca devastans was reported to. Cimex militaris Fabricius, 1775: 717; Spilostethus pandurus Oshamin, 1912, 1: 27; Spilostethus pandurus militaris (Fabricius) Mukhopadhyay, 1988, 107: 15. By July, the parasite population may reach levels sufficient to destroy 90–95% of leafhopper eggs. This mirid bug is widely distributed throughout Sudan, Egypt, and Congo (Goodman, 1953) and India (Sharma and Lopez, 1990). It is a serious pest on sorghum earhead in Africa and it is recorded on sorghum in India also (Sharma and Lopez, 1990; Kruger et al., 2007). Both adults and nymphs are injurious, but late-instar nymphs can reduce yields more than twice as much as an equal number of adults. Studies on the cotton jassid (Empoasca devastans Dist) in the Punjab: DC. The potato leafhopper (E. fabae) was originally thought to be the only empoascan attacking the potato in North America (DeLong 1931, Radcliffe 1982). It feeds on millets in India. Creontiades pallidus (Rambur, 1839). The leafhopper vectors of phytopathogenic viruses (Homoptera, Cicadellidae). Peculiarly, they move diagonally across leaves. Insect humoral immunity can also be modulated by destruxin A. Another parasitic wasp, Aphelopsis cosemi, attacks nymphs, resulting in their sterilization. The longevity of the adults is about 2 weeks (Srivastava and Butani 1998). Original combination: Cimex viridula Linnaeus, 1758. The feeding damage caused by the sharpshooter is itself relatively insignificant. Control measures have been increasingly based on enhancing the population of indigenous parasites and predators. Studies on the parasites and predators of Empoasca devastans Distant (Homoptera: Jassidae). 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