Among Asian elephants, for example, a long history of hunting for ivory—as well as removing tusked elephants from the wild for labor—likely helped contribute to higher tuskless … All the information you need to now about elephant tusks. Feature-destroying mutations are, however, right in line with a world “in bondage to decay”, as the Bible describes (Romans 8:19–22). An increasing number of African elephants are now born tuskless because poachers have consistently targetted animals with the best ivory over decades, fundamentally altering the … Natural selection plus mutations is not evolution. Normally, only 2% to 6% of Africa’s elephants are born tuskless. (Nautilus) Learn more about the natural and unnatural history of the African elephant with our video study guide. Ivory tusks are a blessing and curse for elephants give the elephant a majesty over other animals as well as a unique tool but they have also led to the senseless slaughter of millions of these amazing animals. "I have seen makhnas grab the tusks of a tusker and push," says Chelliah. Researchers warn that over time, African elephants may evolve into primarily tuskless creatures, as Asian elephant have. Discussion Ideas Most African elephants have tusks. Because poachers target elephants for their tusks, these years of violence have also had an expecting result: African elephants are evolving to become tuskless. And that, in itself, is a problem. SCIENCE Tuskless elephants may be a response to the selective pressure of poaching. Elephants can easily snap bamboo with their trunk and body weight, and it is possible they can do the same with an opponent's tusks. Because elephants have been extensively hunted for ivory for more than 300 years, natural selection is often proposed as the underlying mechanism for an increase in the proportion of tuskless or small-tusked elephants in a population. The reason Narendhira Arjun gave is not correct but it might be due to his misunderstanding the question. However, in South Africa's Addo Elephant National Park, 98% of females are tuskless (Whitehouse, 2001). The tensile strength of the Asian elephant tusk is surprisingly low — some species of bamboo have double the tensile strength of such ivory. Other studies have also revealed that hunting elephants is having a massive impact on their tusk evolution. Teachers, scroll down for a quick list of key resources in our Teachers Toolkit. In 1930 the figure for both male and female elephants was only 1% … Experts say the reason why some elephants are tuskless is a result of a chance genetic mutation. However, the one silver lining is that the tuskless elephants appear to be well and healthy. Whether an elephant develops tusks or not is genetic. Exactly why the Asian and African elephant populations have such different rates of tusklessness remains unexplained. 11. 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