58-59) Vouchers cited: Seemann 332, DA 14413 Fiji Fiji Islands Viti Levu Island uncertain if native The species Ipomoea alba is a native of tropical and sub-tropical parts of South and Central America as well as Florida. Ipomoea alba: Most comfortable in a tropical or subtropical climate, Ipomoea alba is a wild growing vine that can grow from 15 feet to 90 feet in length (or height if the vine has a tree or structure nearby on which it can climb). Ipomoea alba L (moon vine) native to tropical America member of family Convolvulaceae is a night blooming morning glory. "Rubber processed in ancient Mesoamerica, MIT researchers find", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ipomoea_alba&oldid=983034762, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 21:13. Ipomoea morning glory This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Common Name(s): Common Morning Glory; It is not nearly as vigorous and makes a beautiful ornamental climber. This is one of the species that bloom at night, hence the name. Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water. The aromatic blossoms come in the form of alabaster-white, fluted funnels. Moonflower (Ipomoea alba) is regarded as an environmental weed in New South Wales and Queensland. It is a very fast growing vine extending to 15-20 feet (6.1-9.15 m) in a single season. The flowers also tend to remain open longer during cool temperatures - which may also cause the segments to snag or tear as they open. Latin: Ipomoea alba Moonflower is a night blooming vine with enormous white blossoms that close by early morning. brasiliensis) is a member of the Morning glory family (Convolvulaceae), which comprises some 1,650 species throughout the world.Pōhuehue is related to some local notable eatables as ʻuala or sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) and ung-choi or swamp cabbage (Ipomoea aquatica). Latin name- Ipomoea alba L. … At dusk, the large, flat flowers, 3-6 in. USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Plant Name. Though it can be successfully flowered in the north, its flowering is impaired by excessively long summer days. Native Range: Temp. Invasive in Australia, New Zealand, China, Taiwan, and tropical islands throughout the world (PIER). Moonflower is a self-seeder, so if you don't want it to return next year, pick off the spent flowers so that they don't form seed pods. Stem and leaves Its stems are hairless (i.e. Ipomoea alba. Description: Twining, high climbing herbaceous vine. Distribution and Planting Zones. Ipomoea quamoclit. brasiliensis) is a member of the Morning glory family (Convolvulaceae), which comprises some 1,650 species throughout the world.Pōhuehue is related to some local notable eatables as ʻuala or sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) and ung-choi or swamp cabbage (Ipomoea aquatica). Ipomoea indica is a problem weed in Europe, southern Africa, and Oceania (congeneric WRA: Weed Risk Assessment for Ipomoea biflora (L.) Pers. Bahamas, Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Haiti) and South America (i.e. (native species), Passionvine. In colder climates, they are mostly annual plants, although some species can tolerate the winter cold. Considered to be invasive in subtropical and tropical areas outside of its natural range. Rhododendron roseum. south-eastern USA and Mexcio), Central America (i.e. On overcast days, the blossoms may remain open for longer. Global Range: Native of tropical America; common throughout central FL and in many other tropical and subtropical areas; now widely cultivated. Extremely vigorous, may overtop other plants. Ipomoea alba - Moonflower, Tropical White Morning Glory, Moon Vine, Evening Glory.Ipomoea is a large genus of well over 600 species worldwide, and over 60 in the United States. Ipomoea species which have become naturalised in the landscape; cairica, indica, alba and aquatica. Ipomoea alba is also noted for its long twining stems luxuriantly clothed in large, heart-shaped, deep green leaves which provide a dense leafy cover. Legislation. The Mesoamerican civilizations used the Ipomoea alba morning glory to convert the latex from the Castilla elastica tree to produce bouncing rubber balls. The specific epithet alba means white, in reference to the white flowers. Can be planted further north but should be treated as an annual. Plants that fill a similar niche: Begonia grandis. Suitable to grow in: 10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B . Subsequently, the species was reported from India with a Malayalam name in the 1660s. The sulfur in this morning glory served to cross-link the rubber, a process predating Charles Goodyear's discovery of vulcanization by at least 3,000 years.[4]. Moonflower vines have rich green, heart-shaped leaves that are 4 to 6 inches long. Native Habitats: Dry disturbed sites. Asia, Mexico, So. Moonflower (Ipomoea alba) is also listed among the "exotic vines and scramblers" whose invasion of native vegetation is regarded as a "key threatening process" in New South Wales. 58-59) Voucher cited: Smith 7847 Fiji Fiji Islands Taveuni Island uncertain if native Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. Scientific Name: Ipomoea alba Synonym: Calonyction aculeatum Common Names: Moonflower, Tropical White Morning-glory, Moon Flower, Moon Vine Plant Characteristics. Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Solanales: Convolvulaceae. glabrous), but the aerial climbing … (Flora of Hawaii, 1990) consider probably native … General Comments: The moonflower’s glorious blooms unfurl beneath the light of the moon from which it gets its name, and as the sun rises, the long white petals curl up and the bud closes, hiding its beautiful blossoms until the night comes again. Plants that fill a similar niche: Begonia grandis. Noxious weed. ipomoea batatas. Introduced into cultivation in the late 1800's, Ipomoea alba is native to tropical and subtropical regions of America, from northern Argentina to Mexico and Florida. Duration: Annual Growth Habit: Vine, Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Comments. Cut back during winter dormant period. Comments. Moonflower (Ipomoea alba) is also known as tropical white morning-glory or moon vine. Grow in full sun for the best blooms. (Ipomoea alba) is also listed among the "exotic vines and scramblers" whose invasion of native vegetation is regarded as a "key threatening process" in New South Wales. Nomenclature: Ipomoea is from the Greek ips meaning ‘a worm’ and homoios meaning ‘resembling’ thus meaning 'like a worm,' referring to the twining habit of the plant's growth. Moonflower Ipomoea Alba is a tender tropical perennial native to tropical America. ANSWER: Indeed, the Ipomoea alba (tropical white morning-glory) is a native of North America. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The moonflower (Ipomoea alba) is a perennial plant that sometimes grows as a vine. And despite its up-all-night habits, it is a member of the morning glory family. Ipomoea alba. Ipomoea Species: alba Family: Convolvulaceae Life Cycle: Annual Recommended Propagation Strategy: Seed Stem Cutting Country Or Region Of Origin: FL, Mexico, Central and South America Wildlife Value: Nectar from flowers attracts moths and bees. They are adaptable to part shade. Moonflower (Ipomoea alba) is a close relative of morning glory and, like it, produces a long, slender, twining vine capable of growing a dozen or more feet high in the course of a year. The flowers open quickly in the evening and last through the night, remaining open until touched by the morning sun. tropical white morningglory. It is a perennial, herbaceous liana growing to a height of 5–30 m tall with twining stems. Ipomoea indica is a problem weed in Europe, southern Africa, and Oceania (congeneric WRA: Weed Risk Assessment for Ipomoea biflora (L.) Pers. (Convolvulaceae) – Bell vine). Make a Difference! U.S. Nativity: Native. (Convolvulaceae) – Bell vine). Ipomoea alba in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. & trop. Plant this fast-growing vine on a porch, near an entrance, or under a window where you can enjoy the evening performance and heady fragrance. Several species are cultivated as ornamental plants for their attractive flowers. The flowers are fragrant, white or pink, and large, 8–14 cm diameter. Ipomoea species which are readily available to purchase; purpurea and nil. And despite its up-all-night habits, it is a member of the morning glory family. Rhododendron roseum. across (8-15 cm), close by rolling up. The species Ipomoea alba is a native of tropical and sub-tropical parts of South and Central America as well as Florida. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Amer. The vine is capable of climbing a string, a chain link fence or sprawling over nearby shrubs. U.S. Weed Information. Moonflowers are related to the morning glory and produce spectacular white flowers that open in … Natural Range in Florida. Wagner et al. This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or … Perennial from tuberous roots. Moonflower (Ipomoea alba) with Passalus interruptus beetle and jewel beettle (Euchroma gigantea), Maria Sybilla Meriaen Over de voortteeling en wonderbaerlyke veranderingen der Surinaemsche insecten, Merian, Maria Sibylla, 1647-1717, Mulder, Joseph, b. Ipomoea alba in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Duration: Annual Growth Habit: Vine, Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. The moonflower produces its 5- to 6-inch-wide blossoms all summer long. The Ipomoea alba is part of the family Convolvulaceae (convulvulus) which includes morning glory and the less welcome bindweed, one of the more difficult to eradicate weeds of the temperate garden. Moon-Flower ( Ipomoea alba, Convolvulaceae) - Medicine, Rubber Enabler, and Ornamental: A Review. Like most moth-pollinated flowers, the moon flower is white, which attracts moths. ( GRIN ); EDDMapS Distribution: This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level … Austin, Daniel F. … A North American native, the moonflower was founded in Jamestown, Virginia, and its botanical name is ipomoea alba. The Ipomoea alba is part of the family Convolvulaceae (convulvulus) which includes morning glory and the less welcome bindweed, one of the more difficult to eradicate weeds of the temperate garden. Amer. General Comments: Ipomoea alba, commonly called moonflower, is native to tropical America. Hence its name. It is currently mainly found in and near heavily populated areas, but it has the potential to become a serious weed of rainforest gaps and margins, wet sclerophyll forests and riparian areas throughout the coastal districts of Queensland and northern New South Wales. Ipomoea, genus of about 500 species of trees, shrubs, and twining and trailing herbaceous plants of the family Convolvulaceae, mostly native to warm climates. In some areas, it is an invasive species which can cause problems in agricultural settings. © 2018 Copyright: Florida Native Plant Society. Moonflower (Ipomoea alba) is also listed among the "exotic vines and scramblers" whose invasion of native vegetation is regarded as a "key threatening process" in New South Wales. Native to the Americas, moon-flower ( Ipomoea alba) was first recorded by Europeans with its Taino common name in the 1520s. (Ipomoea alba) Moon flowers open in the evening so they can be pollinated by night-flying moths. Non-native, non-invasive plants in Table 1 were determined to be non-invasive (with assessments of “not a problem species” or “may be used with caution”) by the IFAS Assessment of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas ... Ipomoea alba, Moonflower . The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Can be agrown as an anuual north of its native range. Distribution and Planting Zones. Ethnobotanical Uses: Edible Plant Parts (Edible Roots) Food (Fruit & Vegetable) Play Value: Ipomoea purpurea. Once naturalized, this species behaves as an environmental weed with the potential to outcompete native plant species for nutrients, water and sunlight. Place the seed in a container and pour in … Ipomoea purpurea. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. USDA Zones. In Bolivia widely distributed in disturbed damp bushy places, particularly along shaded tropical streams, mostly below about 1600 m where it behaves as if native. Special Features and Information. Ipomoea alba, sometimes called the tropical white morning-glory or moonflower or moon vine, is a species of night-blooming morning glory, native to tropical and subtropical regions of North and South America, from Argentina to northern Mexico, Florida and Puerto Rico. The sweet potato is an important food crop. Native Ipomoea Species Common Australian native species that can be purchased from seed suppliers include Ipomoea costata and Ipomoea muelleri. It is a tender perennial vine that is grown in St. Louis as a warm weather annual. Ipomoea alba is a fast-growing vine native to the Americas, which has been widely introduced across tropical and subtropical regions of the world where it has become naturalized and invasive. Tweet this Page Share on Facebook. Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama), the Caribbean (i.e. It grows fast enough to be treated as an annual in cooler climates. The seed resembles a small, brownish nut, and should be nicked with a file and then soaked overnight before planting. The moon flower is a close relative of the morning glory, which opens in the morning so it can be pollinated by bees and other insects that are active during the day. Taxon name on voucher: Ipomoea alba Fiji Fiji Islands Ngau Island uncertain if native Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. Tender, Ipomoea alba is a perennial vine in warm areas but grown as an annual elsewhere. It is noted for its fragrant nocturnal white blooms (moonflowers) and its deep green foliage. Ipomoea, genus of about 500 species of trees, shrubs, and twining and trailing herbaceous plants of the family Convolvulaceae, mostly native to warm climates. [2] Though formerly classified as genus Calonyction, species aculeatum, it is now properly assigned to genus Ipomoea, subgenus Quamoclit, section Calonyction.[3]. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Invasive in Australia, New Zealand, China, Taiwan, and tropical islands throughout the world (PIER). Can be agrown as an anuual north of its native range. Since it is of tropical origin, it flowers best under a summer short day photoperiod. Natural Range in Florida. Moonflower is a fast-growing, old-fashioned annual vine that seems to have been forgotten by gardeners as they explore the new offerings of the garden industry. They usually grow about 15 feet long. Zones LS, CS, TS; USDA 8-11, … Ipomoea alba, sometimes called the tropical white morning-glory or moonflower or moon vine, is a species of night-blooming morning glory, native to tropical and subtropical regions of North and South America, from Argentina to northern Mexico, Florida and Puerto Rico. Ipomoea. USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures. Seed or layer runners from an existing plant. General Information Pōhuehue (Ipomoea pes-caprae subsp. Ipomoea alba - Moon Flower Convolvulaceae Ipomoea alba or Moon Flower is a robust perennial vine native to Tropical America. Members of the genus Ipomea support the following specialized bees: Melitoma taurea and Cemolobus ipomoeae. Suitable to grow in: 10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B . Moonflower, Ipomoea alba, opens its large, white blossoms in the evening hoping to attract a few moths looking to do a little nectaring, then fades away as the sun comes up. The species is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant for its flowers. Asia, Mexico, So. Though formerly classified as genus Calonyction, species aculeatum, it is now properly assigned to genus Ipomoea, subgenus Quamoclit, section Calonyction. Habit: Vines Shrub or Subshrub. Moonflower, Ipomoea alba, opens its large, white blossoms in the evening hoping to attract a few moths looking to do a little nectaring, then fades away as the sun comes up. There is an Ipomoea species found in every state except for Idaho and Alaska (but those two states have members of the Convolvulaceae family present - the very similar genera Calystegia and Convolvulus.) The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Plant Name. USDA Zones. Each stem carries several 4-inch-long buds. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Ipomoea alba, the Latin name for the moonflower or moon vine, is native to Southern Florida and American tropics.These flowers bloom in the evening time and last through the night, and remain open until kissed by the morning sun. Floridata ID#: 565 Ipomoea alba Common Name(s): moonflower vine, moon vine Botanical Family: Convolvulaceae, the morning glory Family Plant Type and Feature Tags: It's 6:30 PM on a hot August evening near Tallahassee and this moonflower has just unfurled its fabulous funnel with the hope of attracting some pollinating moths before its inevitable demise at morning's light. Thus, it often does not set buds and bloom until early autumn when daylight length is once again near 12 hours. This plant got its name not only from its nocturnal blooming habits, but also because the opened flower looks like a full moon and is white in color. Native alternative(s) for Ipomoea purpurea: Ipomoea pandurata. Ipomoea alba. Recommended only for use where it can be controlled such as on a trellis or in areas where expansive growth is appropriate. Moon Flower, Ipomoea alba is evergreen creeping perennial with rounded, three-lobed leaves. The moonflower (Ipomoea alba) is a perennial, twining vine that is native to the American tropics. Stems have a milky sap and are more or less prickly. Native Habitats: Dry disturbed sites. The moonflower vines will climb until it frosts. Legislation Not declared or considered noxious by any state government authorities. Ipomoea quamoclit. Title: Moonnflower native to North America Answered by: Barbara Medford . Fragrant. (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry), Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry. USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures. Disturbed wetland and lake edges, mangrove fringes. Hence its name. Climate. sweet potato vine. Growing, planting and promoting Florida native plants for sustainable landscapes. This plant is very similar to morning-glory plants in appearance but their blooming habits are different. ( 1991 ) ( pp a perennial, twining vine that is native to north America by! ( 8-15 cm ), Central America ( i.e early morning native alternative ( s ) for Ipomoea:... A database and images of herbarium specimens found at the ipomoea alba native of South and Central America as well as.! Argentina ) considered to be invasive in subtropical and tropical areas outside of its natural range and pour in Ipomoea! Behaves as an annual plant Quamoclit, section Calonyction promoting Florida native for! Is now widespread in the evening and last through the night, remaining open until touched the. To north America vigorous and makes a beautiful ornamental climber height of 5–30 tall. Before planting or water spinach, is native to the white flowers are fragrant, trumpet-shaped, pure white.... 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Perennial for warmer areas, but the aerial climbing … plant name plants provides a source of for. Borne in summer and open at night, remaining open until touched by the morning glory family north. And northern Florida tender, Ipomoea indica and Cemolobus ipomoeae tolerant of wide..., pure white flowers a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South and America...

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