She had three forward mounts and three aft mounts, mounted inline and increasing in height toward the midships, giving her a symmetrical appearance, with a "gap" in the middle superstructure. Although not designed for surface combat against heavy units, both Atlanta and Juneau were desperately thrown into the First Battle of Guadalcanal. An additional, unidentified assailant also opened up on the light cruiser from the northeast. Vintage 1/500 scale original teacher ID recognition model USS Atlanta Class Cruiser by Comet. Atlanta was heavily damaged by Japanese and friendly gunfire in a night surface action on 13 November 1942 during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal. On 16 May, she joined Vice Admiral William F. Halsey's Task Force 16 (TF 16), formed around the aircraft carriers Enterprise and Hornet, as it steamed back to Pearl Harbor, having been summoned back to Hawaiian waters in response to an imminent Japanese thrust in the direction of Midway Atoll. Hull is about 13" long and board is about 14 1/4" long. With 8 dual 5 inch/38 caliber (127 mm) gun mounts (8x2 5-inch guns), the first run of Atlanta-class cruisers had by far the heaviest anti-aircraft armament of any cruiser of World War II. As designed Denlay's last visit to the wreck was in 2002 using a closed circuit rebreather or CCR, the first CCR dive on Atlanta. Cruisers saw a lot of action in both navies. Atlanta Class War Records Atlanta was assigned to CruDiv 10 in the Atlantic as flagship on completion, then went to the Pacific for CruDiv 11, also as flagship. Both were sunk in surface combat during the Guadalcanal Campaign. The Atlanta-class Light Cruiser was was in many ways, an extra big destroyer. [3], As the Americans consolidated their gains on Guadalcanal, the critical need for reinforcements prompted Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto to send the Combined Fleet south to cover a large troop convoy. A little over an hour later, at 1050, Atlanta received word of another incoming Japanese air raid. Fast and heavily armed, the Baltimore cruisers were mainly used in World War II … 1.1 in guns, Bofors 40 mm and the Oerlikon 20 mm rapid-fire cannons). The ships received a new type designation of CLAA in 1949. [4] It should be noted, however, that both of these vessels received their fatal blows from Japanese torpedoes, and gunfire from larger, more heavily armed ships. Atlanta, in some works, is designated CLAA-51 because of her primary armament as an anti-aircraft cruiser. The Oakland and later ships had slightly different armament as they were further optimized for anti-aircraft fire. … 1940, 1945. Upon the disappearance of the planes, TG 62.4 resumed unloading off Lunga Point. During this period, the USN tested and operated no less than six cruiser types: The scout cruiser (Omaha class), the AA cruiser (Atlanta class, 5-in DP guns), the light cruiser (up to the Worcester, arguably “heavy-light”, but with 6-in guns), the heavy cruiser (from Pensacola to Des Moines, 8-in guns), and even the “large cruiser” (Alaska class, 12-in guns). USS Atlanta (CL-51) of the United States Navy was the lead ship of the Atlanta class of eight light cruisers.She was the third Navy ship named after the city of Atlanta, Georgia.Designed to provide anti-aircraft protection for US naval task groups, Atlanta served in this capacity in the naval battles Midway and the Eastern Solomons. An hour before midnight, Callaghan's ships reversed course and headed westward. At 1530, the cruiser worked up to 20 knots (23 mph; 37 km/h) as TF 16 stood roughly north-northwestward "to close [the] reported enemy carrier group." Hence, all of the Atlanta-class ships are sometimes designated as CLAA. Her firing arcs were ideally suited to bringing her guns to bear on an aircraft, however, with a minimum of six guns available from any angle. Comparing different navies that had similar outlooks—the U.S. Navy and the Royal Navy—highlights this fact. Atlanta claimed to have shot down two "Bettys", just after they dropped their torpedoes, at about 1415, only three minutes before the attack ended. Many other World War II wrecks discovered by Dr. Ballard in Iron Bottom Sound are beyond the current technical limit for scuba and are only accessible by ROVs or submersibles. Japanese planes twice hit TF 17, and it took the brunt of the enemy attacks. While faring well against Japanese cruisers in gunnery duels, US cruisers had experienced heavy losses from Japanese d… Sorry, I love the pictures. The Atlanta-class ships were lightly armored, making them poor surface combatants compared to a typical light cruiser. Long Beach was the only cruiser since World War II built on a true "cruiser hull", and for over ten years was the only new-build guided missile cruiser in the fleet. Cruiser World War II Ship Models Shop online for 43 cruiser world war ii ship models at discounts up to 21%. Atlanta, drifting toward the enemy-held shore east of Cape Esperance, dropped her starboard anchor, and her captain sent a message to Portland explaining the light cruiser's condition. [3], Underway with those same ships on 7 October, Atlanta briefly escorted Guadalcanal-bound transports from 11 to 14 October, before putting into Espiritu Santo for fuel on the afternoon of the 15th. Because Atlanta was able to bring all her guns to bear only within that narrow arc, her ability to engage surface targets was limited. [2], The class was powered by four 665 psi boilers, connected to 2 geared steam turbines producing 75,000 hp (56 MW), and the ships could maintain a top speed of 33.6 knots (62 km/h). The Atlanta-class light cruisers were a class of eight American People's Navy light cruisers originally designed as fast scout cruisers or flotilla leaders, but later proved to be effective anti-aircraft cruisers during World War II. [2], The ships were originally designed for 26 officers and 523 men, but this increased to 35 officers and 638 men with the first four ships, and 45 officers and 766 men with the second group of four ships beginning with Oakland. [7], Soon after being torpedoed, Atlanta was then hit by an estimated nineteen 8-inch (203 mm) shells when San Francisco, "in the urgency of battle, darkness, and confused intermingling of friend or foe", fired into her. 15 minutes later, nine "Vals" from Hiyō emerged from the clouds over Henderson Field, the American airstrip on Guadalcanal. The only two cruisers of the class that engaged in surface combat were sunk: the Atlanta and the Juneau. [1], The class was designed with a substantial secondary anti-aircraft armament of sixteen 1.1 in guns in quad mounts, later replaced by 40 mm anti-aircraft guns, and 6 20 mm rapid-fire anti-aircraft cannons. In some ways, they can be compared to “super-destroyers” and they follow the same approach as the Atlanta Americans. USS Reno (CL-96) was torpedoed off Leyte on 4 November 1944 resulting in a large fire and significant flooding, but was saved from sinking by the damage control efforts of the crew. Authorized by Commander, South Pacific Forces, to act at his own discretion regarding the destruction of the ship, Jenkins ordered that Atlanta be abandoned and sunk with a demolition charge. The light cruiser went to general quarters at 1318 and received the signal "prepare to repel air attack...."[3], Within six minutes, Atlanta and the other combatants of the support group formed a screen around the transport group (TG 67.1), and the two groups steamed north together at 15 knots (17 mph; 28 km/h). The ‘Atlanta’ class ships with 5-in (127-mm) guns were the middleweights of the type, saw widespread service in World War II and were built in larger numbers. [3], Admiral Callaghan's order for a course change caused problems almost at once, as Atlanta had to turn to port (left) immediately to avoid a collision with one of the four destroyers in the van, the latter having apparently executed a "ships left" rather than "column left" movement. Though the cruiser’s heyday has come and gone, there’s a chance they’ll make a comeback. [5][6], All eight ships in this class served during World War II, and six ships survived the war. Seems like a wood hull with metal fittings. [3], On 15 July 1942, Atlanta, again in TF 16, sailed for Tongatapu. Although the destroyers opened fire, the planes proved to be out of range and the ships checked fire. She was the third Navy ship named after the city of Atlanta, Georgia. The British AA cruisers. At about 1310, Atlanta received a warning that 25 enemy planes were headed for Guadalcanal, slated to arrive within 50 minutes. Juneau opened fire at 1412. They were also known as the Atlanta-Oakland class. [3], The Lost Ships of Guadalcanal by Robert Ballard and The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal: Night Action 13 November 1942 by James Grace, Entry for 12–13 November: First Naval Battle of Guadalcanal on both, The Path From Guadalcanal by Michiharu Shinya and The Lost Ships of Guadalcanal by Robert Ballard, "US Cruisers List: US Light/Heavy/AntiAircraft Cruisers, Part 2", Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, http://www.combinedfleet.com/ikazuc_t.htm, http://www.combinedfleet.com/inazum_t.htm, http://www.combinedfleet.com/akatsu_t.htm, http://www.advanceddivermagazine.com/ezinefreearticles/Guadalcanal.pdf, http://www.divenewzealand.com/index.asp?s1=dive-articles&id=106, "Return to the USS Atlanta: Defender of Guadalcanal", U.S.S. The firing arcs of the forward and aft batteries intersected at a very limited angle, giving her an arc of 60° in which she could fire all of her guns broadside (excluding the wing mounts). More of these weapons were added as the war progressed to counter the danger of Japanese air attacks (especially kamikazes). Commanded by RADM Daniel J. Callaghan, the unit now included, in addition to Helena, the heavy cruisers San Francisco and Portland, the light cruisers Atlanta and Juneau, and the destroyers Cushing, Laffey, Sterett, O'Bannon, Aaron Ward, Barton, Monssen, and Fletcher. Dr Ballard gives an account of this in his book The Lost Ships of Guadalcanal. Fortunately, none of the primary targets of the attack, Zeilin, Libra and Betelgeuse, suffered more than minor damage from several close calls, though Zeilin sustained some flooding. [3], Despite the heavy antiaircraft fire, Enterprise took one hit and suffered some shrapnel damage from an estimated five near hits. TF 16 arrived at Pearl on 26 May. [citation needed], In the following years, Denlay and Tysall mounted several larger expeditions to survey Atlanta, exploring and videoing the wreck in detail to a depth of 130 m (427 ft) at the bow. The ship was smaller, lighter, and faster than your normal cruiser and was given a large compliment of smaller arms specifically designed for anti-aircraft operations. Revell USS San Juan WWII ATLANTA class cruiser #05030 1/700 Model kit. During the war both technology and the art of naval warfare changed at a breakneck pace. [3], Atlanta was fitted with eight twin 5-inch gun mounts, placed in a unique configuration. Unfortunately, strong ocean currents and poor visibility prevented the expedition from thoroughly exploring Atlanta. She was the fourth Navy ship named after the city of Atlanta, Georgia. Over the days that followed, she screened the carriers as they operated northeast of Midway in anticipation of the enemy's arrival. St. Louis class; Atlanta class; Succeeded by: Fargo class: In commission: 1942–79: Planned: 52: Completed: 27: Cancelled: 3 (9 converted to aircraft carriers, 13 reordered as Fargo class) Retired: 27: Preserved: 1 (converted to a Galveston-class guided missile cruiser) General characteristics ; Type: Light cruiser: Displacement: 11,744 long tons (11,932 t) (standard) [3], On 12 November, Atlanta was still off Lunga Point, screening the unloading, as part of TF 67 under Rear Admiral Daniel J. Callaghan in San Francisco. The original main gun battery of the Atlanta-class was composed of eight dual 5 inch/38 caliber (127 mm) gun mounts (8x2 5-inch guns). Operations showed however the need for a more heavily armed cruiser type designed to counter German commerce raiders and be posted in far away overseas stations to deal with 17… [3], Screening the carriers as they launched air strikes to support the initial landings on 7–8 August, Atlanta remained there until the withdrawal of the carrier task forces on 9 August. During the voyage, a "Betty" bomber neared the disposition, and one of the two surviving 5 in (127 mm) mounts—which was powered by a diesel generator—fired and drove it off. [3], The wreck of USS Atlanta was discovered in 1992 by an expedition led by Dr. Robert Ballard using a remotely operated underwater vehicle, (ROV). navsource.org. In 1994, two Australian technical divers Rob Cason and Kevin Denlay travelled to Solomon Islands with the intention of being the first scuba divers to dive Atlanta but this was unsuccessful because of the lack of a suitable surface support vessel and strong surface currents; this was also the first mixed gas scuba diving expedition to Guadalcanal. Atlanta operated in TF 64, along with Washington, San Francisco, Helena and two destroyers, as the opposing forces engaged in the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October. She was the third Navy ship named after the city of Atlanta, Georgia. [8], After the 8-inch (203 mm) fire ceased, Atlanta's Captain Jenkins took stock of the situation, and, having only a minor foot wound, made his way aft to Battle II. After transiting the isthmian waterway, Atlanta then cleared Balboa on 12 April with orders to reconnoiter Clipperton Island, a tiny barren, uninhabited atoll about 670 mi (1,080 km) southwest of Acapulco, Mexico, in the course of her voyage to the Hawaiian Islands, for any signs of enemy activity. [3], Daylight revealed the presence nearby of three burning American destroyers, the disabled Portland, and the abandoned hulk of Yūdachi, which Portland summarily dispatched with three salvoes. In 1914, the Royal Navy aligned dozens of cruisers of the old 3rd, 2nd and 1st rate, protected and armoured, but after the launch of the Dreadnought in 1906, production focused on light cruisers, and this lineage would go through ww1 and beyond. At 0905, the task group received a report that nine bombers and 12 fighters were approaching from the northwest, and would reach their vicinity at about 0930. It looks complete with all the parts, average paint wear, and it need to be cleaned. Provoking no return fire, TG 64.2 accomplished its mission and returned to Lunga Point, where Atlanta disembarked the liaison officers. hours. Enterprise then launched a strike group shortly thereafter, completing the evolution at 1706. Atlanta class light cruisers (1941) USA (1941-44) USS Atlanta, Juneau, San Diego, San Juan, Oakland, Reno, Flint, Tucson. When I-26 torpedoed Saratoga on 31 August, the light cruiser screened the stricken flagship as Minneapolis rigged a towline and began taking her out of danger. Atlanta:-24 December 1941, Juneau:-14 February 1942, San Diego:-10 January 1942, San Juan:-28 February 1942, Oakland:-17 July 1943, Reno:-28 December 1943, [3], Atlanta again sailed with TF 16 on the morning of 28 May. World War II is a good place to begin a study of ship-design success, mediocrity, and failure. Boats from Guadalcanal came out to take her most critically wounded. Today, the United States Navy has the most cruisers with 22 Ticonderoga-class vessels in service. 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