67th GEN HOSP – USAFBI 24 Nov 42 (activated 1 Sep 42) HOSP TRAIN No. 107th GEN HOSP – ETO 18 Aug 44 England One of the most effective factors in meeting the extremely difficult problems of Hospital Administration was the organization of Hospital Centers and Groups. 662d MED CLR CO – ETO 18 Sep 44 Belgium 104th GEN HOSP – ETO 20 Jul 44 England (ex-285th STA HOSP activated 15 Jul 43, reorganized & redesignated 104th GEN HOSP 23 Dec 43) 67th MED GP – ETO 44 France 197th GEN HOSP – ETO 14 Feb 45 France - The Nazis Bombed and Sank Our Hospital Ship. 156th GEN HOSP – USAFBI Jul 43 – ETO 19 Jun 44 England 635th MED CLR CO – ETO 27 Dec 44 Belgium (component of the 169th MED BN) Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. ZTPI/6875 of 19:27hrs/28th states Tembien was hit with 2 Torpedoes and sank immediately. The fog barrels andpipes had ruptured and the content flowed across the ship. 180th MED BN – ETO Dec 44 Belgium It was 1915 hours when the ship received the first submarine, torpedo and two seconds later the second. HOSP TRAIN No. Furthermore, a later intercept indicated that Venier would only leave Benghazi at 1600 on 9 December, a time at which she was well aground off Cape Methone. 313th STA HOSP – ETO 14 Jan 44 England (Rehabilitation Center No. GENERAL HOSPITAL – 1000 beds > 662 Off & EM (other sources 692 Off & EM, 734 Off & EM) 240th GEN HOSP – ETO 9 Nov 44 England – 31 Dec 44 France July 43, typical view of British Militia or Home Guard Camp, transferred to the US Army for conversion into Hospitals. 79 – ETO Rhineland 23d STA HOSP – ETO 10 Nov 44 France (inactivated ZI Sep 45) She was on a roll in February 1942, sinking HM S/SM Tempest on 13 February, and HM S/M P.38 on 23 February (correctly identified as a ‘Unity-class’, presumably U-class), showing quite well the capability of the new equipment.Â I have reports by the captain of Circe and a member of the German sonar crew, which I have posted at this link. By October 18th, 1945 the situation in Singapore alone was: disembarked 5 hospital ships; embarked persons on 7 hospital ships. Pinterest. 130th STA HOSP – ETO 15 Jun 44 England – France – 24 Aug 45 Germany (the unit where G. S. PATTON Jr died on 21 Dec 45 at 1755 hrs) Wanklyn, VC) sinks the old steamer SS Tembien, launched in 1914. 157th GEN HOSP – USAFBI Dec 43 – ETO Aug 44 England A check made later showedÂ that a little over two-thirds of the British prisoners had survived, the remainder (including 44 New Zealanders) having perished either inÂ the explosion or in the events which followed. Note that during World War II Berlin was mined and in the Baltic and beached in shallow … (Around one hundred of them jumped overboard, were not found by rescue ships and drifted on four floats for more than a week until only four were left alive, and one died after being rescued).”. 63d GEN HOSP – USAFBI Jan 43 – ETO 44 (supplied enlisted personnel to affiliated units that embarked for overseas between Jan-Jul 42, embarked for overseas 15 Jan 43) 47th FLD HOSP – ETO 1 Sep 44 France – 7 Sep 44 Belgium – 1 Oct 44 Holland – 27 Oct 44 Belgium – 20 Mar 45 Germany – 16 Jul 45 Austria – 12 Sep 45 Germany The same hospital ship Arno, who was on board the survivors of Jason, was also struck by allied aircraft. 164th GEN HOSP – ETO 24 Sep 44 France (first Gen Hosp to be shipped directly to France, together with the 165th GEN HOSP, expanded to 200-bed capacity 29 Nov 44, transferred to Marseille Staging Area for possible assignment to Pacific Theater, after V-J Day shipped to ZI 23 Aug 45, arrived at Newport News 2 Sep 45, inactivated 9 Nov 45) STATION HOSPITAL – 800 beds > 539 Off & EM The battle was known as "Operation Crusader" to the British, the 2nd (British) Offensive to the Italians, and as the 'Winterschlacht' (winter battle) to the Germans. Hospital Ship As casualties at Gallipoli began to mount, the Royal Navy recognized the need to convert several liners to hospital ships. English prisoners, mainly Indian soldiers, were taken on board. 13th FLD HOSP – ETO England – 7 Jun 44 France – 15 Aug 45 Germany In consequence, several hundred Commonwealth POW lost their lives during or shortly after the end of Operation CRUSADER and the counter-offensive in three separate sinkings. 45th EVAC HOSP – USAFBI 24 Nov 43 – ETO 16 Jun 44 France – 16 Sep 44 Belgium – 5 Mar 45 Germany – 10 Nov 45 France (operated as Station Hospital at KZ-Buchenwald starting 28 Apr 45) (returned to ZI and arrived at Cp Myles Standish, ZI, 20 Nov 45) 78th GEN HOSP – ETO – England 17 – ETO France – Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace (inactivated 15 Nov 45) While descriptions of the great ocean liners of the 20 th Century most often conjure up images of elegant dining rooms filled with vacationing passengers, wartime has historically seen ocean going palaces converted into troopships, ferrying thousands of soldiers on a single trip. 21 – ETO 24 Oct 44 England – Wales – 44 France – Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace (inactivated 18 Sep 45) 100th GEN HOSP – USAFBI 14 Apr 43 – 16 May 44 England – 22 Aug 44 France (returned to ZI 20 Aug 45) My Step grandfather told his son that he was in the water for a long time after the ship was hit but his memory of it all is poor due to many reasons. Kilmer, ZI, 28 Jan 46) 31– ETO 5 Jul 45 Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace – Central Europe Nine New Zealanders reached one of the boats, which eventually made a nearby uninhabited island where theyÂ spent the night, and they were taken over to the mainland next day. Myles Standish, 21 Nov 45) HOSP TRAIN No. 200th GEN HOSP – ETO 10 Feb 45 France GRADISCA and AQUILEA: Two large hospital ships operating on the Mediterranean under Italian and German flag from 1939-45 In 1935, Italy bought two pre-World-War-I steamships built in England and the Netherlands and originally used as passenger ships – the GRADISCA (13,879 G.R.T.) 348th STA HOSP – ETO 3 Feb 45 England – 45 France – 28 Jul 45 Germany HOSP TRAIN No. 2100, plus eleven Italians (some were killed by the explosion of the torpedoes, but others were killed by the ship’s running propeller, which had come out of the water, when they jumpet into the sea, others simply threw themselves overboard and drowned). 115th STA HOSP –USAFBI 27 Jul 43 – 17 May 44 England – May 45 France – 26 Nov 45 Germany It is told in the book “Convogli” by Captain Aldo Cocchia, who was the escort leader of the Bixio convoy, and whose ship (destroyer Nicoloso Da Recco) was also one of the two that casually found, two weeks later, the rafts with the four survivors. 42d GEN HOSP – ETO – France (activated 20 Apr 42) On the night of 26 Dec 44, German bombs destroyed Hospital Train No. (note: apparently the 9th – 10th – 11th – 16th – 17th – 18th – 19th – 24th Hospital Centers planned, of which a few were briefly in operation, were all quickly inactivated). A report on her sinking is found in the records of the German naval command Italy, translatedÂ below. I too have read about Ultra reports about hospital ships carrying a few tons of medical equipment, but in the book “Le navi ospedale italiane 1935-1945” it is said that this (carrying a few medical supplies) is allowed by the Geneve Convention. HOSP TRAIN No. 33 Squadron, who had been shot down during a road strafe two weeks before, survived the sinking. 55 – ETO 27 Jul 44 England – 2 Aug 44 Wales – 44 France – Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace In order to provide more beds for the First US Army, the Hospital opened in Liège on 21 Sep 44, occupying a former Belgian Military Hospital. By. 279th GEN HOSP – ETO 18 Sep 45 Germany 7430th GEN HOSP – ETO 1 Jun 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital) HOSP TRAIN No. UK National Archives, HW1/308. Share. 216th GEN HOSP – ETO 29 Mar 44 England – 17 Jun 45 France – 12 Sep 45 Germany (activated 1 Jun 41, redesignated 387th STA HOSP 1 Apr 46 in Germany) 250th STA HOSP – ETO 18 Jan 44 England – 24 Apr 45 France – 23 Jun 45 Germany (merged with 249th STATION HOSPITAL in the ZI 1 Aug 43) 66th MED DEP CO – ETO Dec 44 Belgium (operated M-409), 91st MED GAS TREAT BN – ETO Jul 44 France – 16 Dec 44 Belgium – Mar 45 Germany 77th STA HOSP – USAFBI Oct 43 England (reorganized in England, redesignated 231st STA HOSP 3 May 44 – the old 77th STA HOSP, Reconditioning Center No.1, became the 825th CONV CEN 1 Dec 44) Liberated on 7 Sep 44, the city of Ciney suffered considerably during the Battle of the Bulge. 2d EVAC HOSP – USANIF 27 Sep 42 – 6 Nov 42 England – 10 Feb 44 Wales – 29 Jun 44 France – 2 Oct 44 Belgium – 31 Mar 45 Germany (constituted with elements of 4th EVAC HOSP, disbanded 24 Aug 42, split in 2 different units, the 2d EVAC HOSP sent to Northern Ireland, 4 Sep 42, and the 48th EVAC HOSP transferred to India 18 Jan 43) 91st EVAC HOSP – USAFBI 8 Nov 43 – ETO 10 Jun 44 France – 7 Sep 44 Holland – 15 March 44 Germany (ex-6th SURG HOSP, to ZI 2 Sep 45) An account of her sinking by Don can be found in Don’s book ‘Goon in the Block’, which I would highly recommend. Furnishing hospitalization facilities for overseas areas became another phase of the US War Department plans. The search was hindered by Heavy Seas and a strong Ghibli Wind. Our destroyer had carried out some anti-submarine passes while the Tembien, continuously steered a straight course at full speed ahead (12 miles). 95th GEN HOSP – ETO Mar 44 England – Aug 44 France – late 44 Belgium (part of the 819th HOSP CEN 18-28 Oct 44, went into strategic reserve Jun 45 in France) 80th STA HOSP – MTO 44 Tunisia – ETO 14 Sep 44 France 59th FLD HOSP – ETO 2 Aug 44 France – May 45 Germany 173d GEN HOSP – ETO 15 Feb 45 France 154th GEN HOSP – ETO Jun 44 England 8048th GEN HOSP – ETO 19 May 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital) 47th MED DEP CO – ETO England – Apr 45 Germany The document below is a compilation of intercepts that was passed on to Downing Street. HOSP TRAIN No. These ships were returning from Gothenburg." The Centers centralized receiving, evacuation, supply, utilities, sanitation, transportation, laboratory, and guard activities, which resulted in an economy of personnel and an increased efficiency of operation. 228th STA HOSP – ETO Jun 44 England – France (ex-72d GEN HOSP inactivated and reorganized) 36th GEN HOSP – MTO 44 Italy – ETO 9 Sep 44 (activated 28 May 43) (returned to ZI Oct 45) In order to secure them and relieve the supply situation in North Africa, beginning in December 41 they were shipped off to Italian-controlled territory, either to Italy or to Greece (and thence to Italy, I guess), either on naval units or on homeward bound merchants (the New Zealand Official History has a good account of the situation of the POW, At 1435 hours on 9 December 1941, the large mine-laying submarine, Nevertheless, it is clear that in other circumstances, the Middle East command did play fast and loose with the protection of this secret (see, The incident is well described in the New Zealand Official History â. STATION HOSPITAL – 100 beds > 82 Off & EM 16 – 7 May 44 England – 30 May 44 Wales – ETO Northern France – Rhineland G382 or 2/3 March 1942, Report on the sinkingof the transport ship. 811th HOSP CEN – (established Jan 45, never operational) 179th GEN HOSP – ETO 15 Sep 45 France (admitted 837 RAMPs for further treatment Apr/May 45) 5 – 7 Mar 44 England – 23 Apr 44 Scotland The War Illustrated, Volume 7, No. In that same period 5,050,718 Army patients were admitted to overseas Hospitals, and 6,002,013 to ZI Hospitals! On 13 october 1942 the small and old steamer Loreto, carrying 400 prisoners (many from India), was torpedoed and sunk by the HMS Unruffled just off the Sicilian coast and 123 prisoners were killed. 7607th STA HOSP (Italian) – ETO Oct 44 France Pingback: Torpedoing of M/N Nino Bixio, 17 August 1942 – The Crusader Project. 33d STA HOSP – USAFBI 22 Mar 43 (assigned to 804th HOSP CEN early Jan 45) The most powerful ship in the world, the fastest ship of the line and the best armed one, at its launch and for twenty years, it was nicknamed “mighty hood”. HOSP TRAIN No. [Handwritten notation] Total 121 rescued of 642 on board. STATION HOSPITAL – 200 beds > 161 Off & EM HOSP TRAIN No. From 1944 to 1946, the Somersetshire sailed all over the world as a hospital ship and finishing up in the Pacific. Such a Center was set up to include operation of a 1,000-bed Convalescent Camp while performing unified administrative services common (e.g. HOSPITAL SHIP – approx. 95th MED GAS TREAT BN – ETO 29 Aug 44 France, 31st MED GP – ETO 10 Jun 44 France – 44 Belgium – 45 Germany VII Hospital Group (Prov) – Newmarket, Cambs., UK. M-417 MED DEP – ETO 2 Jan 45 France Italian Hospital ship sunk by the Royal Navy in the WW2: “Arno”, “California” “Citta di Trapani”, “Po”, “San Giusto”, “Sicilia”, “Tevere”. In addition to this, the Navy, which initially did not plan to operate Hospital Ships under the Geneva Convention, had 15 Hospital Ships at the M-408 MED DEP – ETO 20 Sep 44 France Captain G B H Fawkes with Commander (S) E F Pizey, DSC, RN. 67th FLD HOSP – ETO 25 Oct 44 France – 17 Dec 44 Belgium – Dec 44 Holland – 25 Mar 45 Germany (disbanded ZI Jun 46) 347th STA HOSP – ETO 17 Jun 44 England 8277th GEN HOSP – ETO 13 Sep 45 France (Provisional German PW Hospital) Under the original “Bolero” plans it was contemplated that the groups of Hospitals at Cirencester, Malvern, and Whitchurch would operate under so-called Hospital Centers (at the time only two were provided, the 12th + 15th –ed). HM S/M Porpoise was to become the last Royal Navy sub to be sunk by the enemy in the Malacca Straits in 1945. 23 at the Gare St.-Lazare and put the railway station out of service for 48 hours! 242d GEN HOSP – ETO 16 Dec 44 England – 14 Feb 45 France – Belgium (to SWPA, diverted at sea to ZI) He recalls the date he left the Patras hospital in greece after the incident and was sent to another hospital in Italy on the 27th of August 1942 which is ten days after the attack. 110th STA HOSP – ETO 15 Jan 44 England – 19 Mar 45 France – 2 Aug 45 Austria aboard only 78 were saved. 24 – USAFBI 14 Sep 43 England – ETO 29 Sep 44 France – Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace – Central Europe (inactivated 18 Sep 45) 34 – ETO Rhineland – Ardennes-Alsace Tembien should. 201st GEN HOSP – ETO 7 Nov 44 England – 26 Dec 44 France British hospital ships 108 were to evacuate patients from Algiers and Oran to the United Kingdom. 45 – 26 Jun 43 England – ETO Northern France – Rhineland – Central Europe HOSP TRAIN No. 221st GEN HOSP – ETO 12 Feb 45 France It was later joined by the 28th General Hospital which went into operation in the city early October.The staff of the 15th Gen Hosp held regular meetings with the medical faculty of the local University, to discuss latest developments in the medical field and help them further on with their medical-related activities. Next day dawned fine, and those still on board came off in the remainingÂ lifeboat or on stretchers slung to the ropes. 117th EVAC HOSP – ETO 6 Nov 44 France – 1 Apr 45 Germany – 9 Aug 45 Austria (activated 10 Feb 44) (redesignated Detachment A – 124th GEN HOSP Linz, Austria 15 Feb 46) (117th EVAC HOSP officially inactivated 25 Feb 46, Linz, Austria) 104th EVAC HOSP – ETO 14 Jul 44 France – Central Europe 217th GEN HOSP – ETO Mar 44 – 6 Sep 44 France (activated 1 Jun 41, ceased operations Jul 45) (admitted 1,098 RAMPs for further treatment Apr/May 45) 199th GEN HOSP – ETO Nov 44 France 106th EVAC HOSP – ETO 21 Jul 44 France – Germany 4th AUX SURG GP – ETO 8 Jun 44 France 12 – 21 May 44 England – ETO Normandy – Northern France – Rhineland Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. In March 1942 the reorganization of the War Department, and the creation of three main Commands – Army Air Forces, Army Ground Forces, and Services of Supply (called ASF after March 1943), were to cause several conflicts within the United States Armed Forces. Furthermore 500English prisoners, mainly Indian soldiers, were taken on board. 500 / 600 patients > 147 Off & EM HOSPITAL TRAIN – 360 patients > 43 Off & EM STATION HOSPITAL – 25 beds > 34 Off & EM STATION HOSPITAL – 50 beds > 54 Off & EM STATION HOSPITAL – 75 beds > 58 Off & EM STATION HOSPITAL – 100 beds > 82 Off & EM STATION HOSPITAL – 150 beds > 125 Off & EM sanitation, laundry, finance, postal, signal, security, motor transport, laboratory, bakery, etc.) I have some initial research but could not find anything till I read your account of the Loreto, which leads me to think my father may have been mistaken about the date (his memoirs were written in the when was past 80 years old). HOSP TRAIN No. Apologies, I should have said ARANDORA Star. 11th MED DEP CO – ETO Nov 44 France (operated M-402, later M-407) Naval Headlines 159, 1100 GMT, 8 December 1941. 8047th GEN HOSP – ETO 26 May 45 (Provisional German PW Hospital) M-411 MED DEP – ETO 29 Nov 44 Belgium (satellite facility of M-409 Medical Depot, located at Liège) 7451st GEN HOSP – ETO 1 Jun 45 England (Provisional German PW Hospital) 74. Nevertheless, it is clear that in other circumstances, the Middle East command did play fast and loose with the protection of this secret (see this older post). 41st EVAC HOSP – USAFBI 22 Nov 43 – ETO 14 Jun 44 France – 12 Sep 44 Belgium – 24 Sep 44 Holland – 4 Mar 45 Germany (activated 1 Jun 41) (Separate Detachments operated 20 PW + RAMP Hospitals starting 2 May 45) (Official operations closed 26 Apr 45, unit returned to ZI 20 Nov 45) 238th GEN HOSP – ETO 29 Apr 45 Belgium These were originally created and kept by the ‘war office’ under the heading ‘representative medical records of servicemen’. 19th GEN HOSP – USAFBI 5 Sep 43 – ETO 20 Aug 44 France (activated 24 Jul 42) 808th HOSP CEN – Aachen, Germany 106th GEN HOSP – ETO Nov 44 England Since no U.S. hospital ships were available, there would be no alternative for the Western Task Force but to evacuate casualties by returning transports or hold them ashore for future disposition. The British then began picking up survivors of the ordeal. Meanwhile, the number of Hospital patients in the United States increased from 167,713 on June 30, 1943 to a peak of 303,102 by June 30, 1945 (at this time, the number of authorized beds for all Hospitals in the ZI was only 314,588). 128th EVAC HOSP – USAFBI 18 Oct 42 England – 22 Oct 42 Scotland – 8 Nov 42 Algeria – 18 Apr 43 Tunisia – 30 Jul 43 Sicily – 26 Nov 43 England – 10 Jun 44 France – 14 Sep 44 Belgium – 1 Dec 44 Germany – 23 Dec 44 Belgium – 9 Mar 45 Germany – 29 Nov 45 France (to ZI 28 Dec 45, and inactivated 12 Jan 46) 132d EVAC HOSP – ETO – France We carry major brands such as Trumpeter, Tamiya, Dragon, Revell, Academy, Flyhawk, and more. On 14 november 1942 the steamer Scillin, with 814 prisoners on board, was gunned, torpedoed and sunk by the HMS Sahib and 787 prisoners were killed, while only 27, together with 46 Italian crew, were saved. on January 24, 1942, another organization was created, the United States Army Northern Ireland Force (USANIF). The limitations of the Washington Treaty and the crisis of 1929 passed, but remained the pride of the navy, embodied by this great building. STATION HOSPITAL – 500 beds > 364 Off & EM (other sources 370 Off & EM, 407 Off & EM) Activation was officially confirmed on 2 October 1944, by GO No. HOSP TRAIN No. 123d GEN HOSP – ETO 3 Aug 44 England 57th MED BN – ETO Aug 44 France – 18 Dec 44 Belgium 42 – MTO Rome-Arno – Southern France – ETO 10 Sep 44 Rhineland – Central Europe 6th FLD HOSP – Alaska (Kiska) Aug 43 – ZI 20 Feb 44 – ETO Jun-Jul 44 England (operated as Air Holding Unit at Prestwick, AAF-500, until 18 Aug 45) Group Headquarters would be commanded by a staff of 1 Medical Officer assisted by 22 other Officers and 142 EM. After the attack against Pearl Harbor, the War Department activated the Headquarters, United States Army Forces in the British Isles (USAFBI), the date was January 8, 1942, Chief Surgeon was Col. Paul R. Hawley. 316th STA HOSP – USAFBI 19 Sep 43 England – 19 Aug 44 Scotland – 22 Jun 45 France (in Sep 44 the 316th STA HOSP operated 2 Hospitals; one 1,000-bed installation at Cowglen and one 400-bed holding unit at Prestwick Airfield, unit returned to the ZI 19 Aug 45) Due to the fog, the heavy list of the ship and the rapid sinking ofthe same any organisation on board was impossible. He has written a book on his life and I was trying to corroborate this incident. Operation CRUSADER saw about 8,500 Commonwealth soldiers become prisoners of the Axis forces, in the fighting around Tobruk and during the counter offensive in January. HOSP TRAIN No. New British hospital ships proposed. Directives were issued June 18, 1942 compiling policies and procedures governing H & E, but were only finalized in November of the same year. Their task was to assist the British Ministry of Health in combating outbreaks of paratyphoid, scabies, and other diseases which were a constant threat in the crowded and bomb damaged cities. Our destroyer had carried out some anti-submarine passes while the Tembiencontinuously steered a straight course at full speed ahead (12 miles). The 130th General Hospital, at Ciney, Belgium, in winter. 42d EVAC HOSP – 1 Jun 41 (disbanded 15 Oct 42, partly split in 2 separate units; the newly designated 27th EVAC HOSP, embarked for North Africa 3 Apr 44, and the designated 77th EVAC HOSP, which embarked for England 5 Aug 42) 13th MED DEP CO – ETO 1 Jul 44 France (later operated M-402T) 9 – ETO 31 Oct 45 Northern France – Rhineland Unfortunately onlyvery few could be rescued due to this. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! A Nurse of the 15th General Hospital is checking the blood pressure of one of her patients. Richard Davis. of P.O.W. Most people receivedburns from this. Charlotte Memorial Hospital, Charlotte, N.C. embarked 5 Aug 42 for England 77th Evacuation Hospital, i.e. In mid-February 1945, to achieve greater efficiency, the Seine Section streamlined and decentralized Hospital Train loading and unloading procedures to the Gare de l’Est (Paris) and used the Gare St.- Lazare (Paris) only for loading outgoing trains bound for the Cherbourg area. 7th CONV HOSP – ETO – England – France – Germany Around 300 of the 2,000 Commonwealth POW estimated to be on board died in the attack, most of them when the torpedo struck the forward hold of the Venier. 365th STA HOSP – ETO 26 Jun 44 France 74th GEN HOSP – ETO 6 Apr 44 England (although arrived 7 Mar 44 in the UK, only Det A operational, supplemented + relieved 7th FLD HOSP up to 30 May 44) (74th GEN HOSP became fully operational from 10 May 44 until closed for operations 21 May 45) (reopened 2 Jul 45 in France) By heavy Seas and a strong list thatit was almost flat in the water on larboard! 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The Nino Bixio granted on 22 November 1944, whereby the Groups would now be known as Hospital with! It here fully equipped 1200-bedded Hospital ship and the Carley, floats of our.... From 1944 to 1946, the medical Department dispatched an official Observer ( Col. W.! The Battle of the QAIMNS ( Queen Alexandra 's Imperial Military Nursing )... Which was taken over by American Occupation Forces soon as they had managed to,., 138 of whom died 41 Italians and 10 Germans Italianâs Hospital ships of the sinking!