Vachellia nilotica (commonly known as gum arabic tree, babul, thorn mimosa, Egyptian acacia or thorny acacia) is a flowering plant tree in the family Fabaceae.It is native to Africa, the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent.It is also a Weed of National Significance in Australia (an invasive species of significant concern in Australia,) as well as a Federal Noxious Weed in the United States. Scientific Name: Acacia constricta Common Names: Whitethorn Acacia, White-thorn Acacia Plant Characteristics. has been described from West Georgia and Abkhazia. ssp. Acacia baileyana F. Muell. floribunda H. Vilm. [9], The genus was first validly named in 1754 by Philip Miller. In many Australian and Pacific species, the leaflets are suppressed or absent altogether, and the leafstalks (petioles) are flattened and perform the physiological functions of leaves. Conservation status in NSW: Endangered. The subject of countless thousands of silhouette sunset photos (like the one above), this picturesque tree is inextricably linked with vast African savannas … Family. Scientific Name. Acacia trees are commonly known as "Thorntrees" or "Wattles", including the yellow-fever Acacia and umbrella Acacias. Scientific Name Other Common Names; ACAN: Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Special horticultural attributes: ... Common name alludes to unusual zigzag habit of branches which change direction between leaf nodes. Creeping Wattle (Acacia saligna) Creeping wattle, sometimes known as blue leaf wattle, can be a … Oldest records of fossil Acacia pollen in Australia are from the late Oligocene epoch, 25 million years ago. Its leaves are a grey-green color. Profile last updated: 15 Jun 2020. Elsewhere they may be dominant, as in the Brigalow Belt, Myall woodlands and the eremaean Mulga woodlands. Pedley Homonyms Acacia mangium Willd. vernicosa (Standl.) Rich in pollen, they are often used in fritters. Synonyms. Omissions? Der deutsche Botaniker Carl Ludwig Willdenow benannte 1806 diese Art Acacia senegal in Species Plantarum, 4, 2, S. 1077. [20] The nearest relatives of Acacia and Paraserianthes s.l. [9] In drier woodlands or forest they are an important component of the understory. Fabaceae: sub-family Mimosoideae (New South Wales) Leguminosae (South Australia) Mimosaceae (Queensland, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Common Names. It has smooth greenish/brown bark and with straight to slightly curved phyllodes (leaf like structure) 2-5 cm long; 0.4 … Common Name(s): River cooba, shoestring acacia Scientific Name: Acacia stenophylla Distribution: Australia Average Dried Weight: 46.0 lbs/ft 3 (735 kg/m 3) Janka Hardness: 1,660 lb f (7,380 N) Comments: A small to medium sized tree, river cooba grows slightly larger than the closely related cooba (Acacia salicina).Both yield attractive timber of moderate density (for Acacia) that’s easy to work. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Description Top of page A. karroo varies from a shrub up to 2 m tall to a tree more than 20 m in height, with distinctive white thorns and attractive yellow flowers. [citation needed], An Acacia-like 14 cm long fossil seed pod has been described from the Eocene of the Paris Basin. One ton of wattle or mimosa bark contained about 68 kilograms (150 pounds) of pure tannin. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. The Acacia tree from traditional sources. Babul (Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. Plant Name. Nathaniel Lord Britton publiziert in Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands, 6, 1930, S. 538 den Namen Senegalia senegal. Acacia and Asian Pear in Spanish. Acacia is mentioned in an ancient Egyptian proverb referred to by Amenhotep II, "If you lack a gold battle-axe inlaid with bronze, a heavy club of acacia wood will do?". [2] All but 10 of these species are native to Australasia, where it constitutes the largest plant genus. A number of species have been introduced to various parts of the world, and two million hectares of commercial plantations have been established. Scientific Name Other Common Names; ACGRW: Acacia greggii A. The scientific name (along with author’s citation) is : Acacia longifolia (Andrews) Willd. Scientific Name(s): Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. Acacia catechu (L. f.) Willd. Pliocene fossil pollen of an Acacia sp. * Acacia latifolia is a wild variety of Acacia longifolia. Another very closely related species, Acacia concurrens, also goes by the name curracabah. A distinguishing feature of the species is the presence of triple spines at the branchlet base. wrightii (Benth.) Acacia floribunda hort. Plant Height (Inches): 180 to 260 Plant Spread (Inches): 180 to 300 Time of Bloom: Year-round Flower Details: Yellow Leaf Foliage: Green Fruit: ACVE8: Acaciopsis vernicosa Britton & Rose: Classification. Acacia. Acacia is used for high cholesterol, diabetes, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. There are eight species in this genus. "Acacia" is part of the scientific name for the acacia tree.Specifically, it represents the first part, which is called the genus. Other articles where Gum acacia is discussed: acacia: Major species: Gum acacia (Acacia senegal), native to the Sudan region in Africa, yields true gum arabic, a substance used in adhesives, pharmaceuticals, inks, confections, and other products. [9], Acacia is a common food source and host plant for butterflies of the genus Jalmenus. Average Dried Weight: 49.9 lbs/ft 3 (800 kg/m 3) Janka Hardness: 1,870 lb f (8,300 N) Comments: With a density exceeding most temperate species found in North America, this Australian timber has a rather misleading common name—perhaps only rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis) is a more confusing common name. Herendeen & Dilcher, 1992, The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Leguminosae species from the territory of, Erik Hornung 'The Pharaoh' in Sergio Donadoni, The Egyptians, The University of Chicago Press, 1997. p. 291, "Phylogenetic position and revised classification of, "Domestication and use of Australian acacias: case studies of five important species", "The controversy over the retypification of, "Unforgettable Acacias, A Large Genus Of Trees & Shrubs", "Fluoroacetate in plants - a review of its distribution, toxicity to livestock and microbial detoxification", WATTLE Acacias of Australia Lucid Web Player (multi-access key for identifying Australian Acacias), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Acacia&oldid=995979410, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 22:06. Preferred Scientific Name; Acacia karroo Preferred Common Name; sweet thorn Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness ; A. karroo is able to produce seeds prolifically, from an early age, is resistant to fire and forms dense thorny thickets that out compete native flora and are a source … Occurrence. [21], The origin of "wattle" may be an Old Teutonic word meaning "to weave". The leafstalks may be vertically arranged and bear thorns or sharp curved prickles at their base. How Wood is Formed in Trees; Restricted and Endangered Wood Species; State Trees of the United States; The Ten Best Woods You've Never Heard Of; Top Ten Most Overrated Woods Gray var. Acacia gum is used as an emulsifier in food, a binder for watercolour painting, an additive to ceramic glazes, a binding in gum bichromate photography, a protective layer in the lithographic processes and as a binder to bind together fireworks.