The first through third instars each last about 2–3 days duration; the fourth lasts 4–7 days. However, many chemicals are often unsuccessful when used against this pest because of the beetle's ability to rapidly develop insecticide resistance. The specific name decemlineata, meaning 'ten-lined', derives from this feature. As per entomological taxonomy, the Jerusalem crickets belong to the family Stenopelmatidae of the order Orthoptera (having incomplete metamorphosis), the pill bugs belong to the family Armadillidiidae of the order Isopoda and the Colarado beetles belong to the family Chrysomelidae of the order Coleoptera.  From 1871, American entomologist Charles Valentine Riley warned Europeans about the potential for an accidental infestation caused by the transportation of the beetle from America.  The genus Leptinotarsa is assigned to the chrysolmelid beetle tribe Doryphorini (in subfamily Chrysomelinae), which it shares with five other genera: Doryphora, Calligrapha, Labidomera, Proseicela, and Zygogramma. Fortunately, their bodies don't contain glands for producing harmful toxins. Nevertheless, the bite elicits a painful condition, similar to other insect bites. Are you talking about these The “Jerusalem cricket”? These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Potato bugs overwinter in the soil and emerge in late spring, around the same time potato vegetation appears.  It now has a wide distribution across Europe and Asia, totalling over 16 million km2. Pill Bugs Breathe Through Gills. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. To be more precise, infestation of potato bugs occur in areas where there is an ample amount of food source. The beetle larva has four instar stages. Pest infestations can be identified by the type of damage done and by direct observation of insects. Young larvae are deep red with blackheads; older larvae are pink to salmon with blackheads. You can find them in moist soil or under thick vegetation. Native to Mexico and western United states, a bite by a potato bug is more common in those areas. Add to Likebox #156336923 - Colorado beetle isolated on a white background, studio photo.. The plump larvae (1/8 to 1/2 inch long) are red with black head and legs, and become yellowish-red or orange with two rows of black spots on each side of the body. This is one of the best natural ways to get rid of the potato bugs in your garden. Larvae progress through four distinct growth stages (instars). In case, you notice them in your house, make sure to keep the rooms and surrounding environment dry. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The nymph stage continues for more than 2 years, after which the bug emerges as an adult. Native to the Rocky Mountains, it spread rapidly in potato crops across America and then Europe from 1859 onwards. They can live for up to a month without water and 3 months without food. The larvae live through the winter in the soil, emerging when the weather warms. Potato bugs are strong and resilient. Hence, it is rarely visible in and around the house. L. juncta also has alternating black and white strips on its back, but one of the white strips in the center of each wing cover is missing and replaced by a light brown strip. This bug has literally eaten its way across country one potato plant after another. Jerusalem crickets can sometimes be found in potato fields eating the roots and tubers of potato crops. Potato bugs, also known as Jerusalem crickets, are part of the same group of insects that include house crickets, grasshoppers, and katydids. Copyright © Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc.