This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Bark extracts of T. arjuna showed inhibitory activity against these bacteria, except for P. aeruginosa.16, Experimentation in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells with 24 medicinal plants indigenous to Pakistan was conducted to evaluate their effect on secretion of interleukin (IL)-8 and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in order to assess anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective effects. Statistically significant reduction in angina and improved diastolic function were shown in patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation at 1 and 3 months with T. arjuna.41 Effects similar to those of isosorbide mononitrate 40 mg daily treatment were demonstrated in patients with chronic stable angina given T. arjuna bark extract. In addition, the dose of aqueous extract 200 mg/kg and dose of ethanolic extract 100 mg/kg were found to be equivalent to imipramine 15 mg/kg and fluoxetine 20 mg/kg when given for 10 successive days.74. Bharani A, Ganguli A, Mathur LK, Jamra Y, Raman PG. Chamaedorea metallica (common name: Metallica Palm, also known as Metal Palm and Miniature Fishtail Palm) is a tough, slow-growing, resilient palm, tolerant of relatively low-light. Terminalia is a tree. No clinical data exist regarding the use of Terminalia for cancer. Other constituents include amino acids, fructose, resin, and fixed oils. T. bellirica has clustered oval leaves and greenish, foul-smelling flowers with brown, hairy fruit about the size of a walnut. The Plants Database includes the following 12 species of Terminalia . Angiosperms. Specifically, a dose-dependent reduction in immobility time in the forced swim test and tail suspension test occurred in mice receiving the aqueous extract as well as with the 100 mg/kg ethanolic extract. Three species of terminalia are used for medicine. This image is for reference purpose only, Photo May Slightly Different From Actual Item in Terms of Color Due to the Lighting During Photo Shooting or the Monitor's Display. cyclic triterpenes and their derivatives, flavonoids, tannins, and other aromatics. Domatia which take the form of hair tufts are conspicuous in the axils of the main lateral veins and the midrib. Common/English Name: Black Myrobalan, Chebulic Myroblan, Ink tree: Name in Other Languages: Arabic: Halilaja, Ahlilaj asfar; Common Name: Jasmine Tree. Terminalia was an ancient Roman festival in honour of the god Terminus, who presided over boundaries.His statue was merely a stone or post stuck in the ground to distinguish between properties. Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. In traditional Ayurvedic medicine, Terminalia arjuna has been used to balance the three “humors”: kapha, pitta, and vata. Contraindications have not been determined. false kamani. In rats, T. arjuna extract was found to decrease thyroid hormone levels. If a product is received in a damaged or defective condition, you need to contact the customer service within 1 days of delivery. In clinical trials and animal experiments, T. bellirica11 and T. arjuna, individually62 and in combination,65 exhibited hepatoprotective effects. Avoid use. You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product. Scientific Name(s): Terminalia arjuna Wight and Arn., Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) T. arjuna is used primarily for its bark; in other Terminalia species, the fruit is used.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Arjuna bark has been used in the traditonal Ayurvedic medical system for at least 3,000 years as a remedy for heart ailments, and T. chebula has been used as a digestive aid. The bole can be about 40cm in diameter[418. Common Name: Madagascar Almond Scientific Name: Terminalia Mantaly Height: 10 - 20 m Span: 5 - 8 m Growth Rate: Fast Sun Tolerance: Full Sun ABP Index: 4.0 (Aesthetics 4.0, Solidarity 4.0). Additionally, it was found to attenuate calcium release and P-selectin expression.46, A case report described a 50-year-old man with beta-thalassemia minor and hyperlipoproteinemia(a), hypertension, and with an elevated Lp(a) level of 51.8 mg/dL. Botanical name- Terminalia bellerica. Following phase 2, patients receiving T. arjuna showed continual benefit related to ejection fraction and quality of life.44, 45, In a case-control study, the ethanolic bark extract of T. arjuna was found to significantly inhibit platelet aggregation in controls and in patients with coronary artery disease. Metallica Palm are grown outdoors in … Select one or more newsletters to continue. Fun Facts about the name Metallica. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. 10% OFF ON ORDER AMOUNT 999. Terminalia sericea is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree which grows up to 9 m, but individual trees can reach 23 m in height. Juniperus chinensis is an evergreen tree with needle-like foliage and a compact conical form reminiscent of Christmas trees!While temperate countries use fir, spruce and pine trees, Juniperus chinensis is a great alternative for tropical Singapore. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Terminalia (family Combretaceae).. It makes a good houseplant and used commonly in commercial settings. Common Name: Flowers and developing fruits Photograph by: Bernard DUPONT. Common names: mususu (Venda); silver cluster-leaf or silver terminalia (Eng. Erythema was also reduced. Indian Heart J. Terminalia sericea is a species of deciduous tree of the genus Terminalia that is native to southern Africa. When I first started researching the different species of tarantulas currently available in the hobby, I stumbled across a photo of a Poecilotheria metallica (common name "Gooty sapphire ornamental"). In phase 1, patients treated with T. arjuna demonstrated improvement in walking and effort tolerance, weight loss, and reduction in heart size. This information relates to an herbal, vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplement. No clinical data exist regarding the use of Terminalia for diabetes mellitus. Dosages for other Terminalia species have not been clinically defined. This is only a brief summary of general information about this product. Indian almond. This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this product. Terminalia has been evaluated to a limited extent for its cardiovascular properties and for its role in cancer therapy. Subscribe to newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. ); vaalboom (Afr.) Clinical studies have been conducted in coronary heart disease using T. arjuna bark extract at doses of 500 mg every 8 hours. The deeply cracked bark is characteristic of this plant. Following this phase (phase 1), patients who showed improvement with T. arjuna were continued in an open-label phase study (phase 2) where they continued to take T. arjuna for 20 to 28 months (average, 24 months). Growth inhibition and cytotoxic effects are apparent, with both concentration-dependent apoptosis and cell necrosis as the proposed cytotoxic mechanisms. USE CODE: PGAD100, FLAT 50% OFF ON WINTER FLOWER SEEDS. A traditional Ayurvedic herbal combination dating back 5,000 years is a mixture of 3 herbs, 2 of which are Terminalia species: T. bellirica (for health-harmonizing qualities), T. chebula (to normalize body balance), and Emblica officinalis (for vitamin C content; see separate Emblica monograph).3, 4 The fruit of T. arjuna has been used as a tonic, with the leaf paste applied externally on sores and ulcers. Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking. The extract of the bark has been used to treat sores, ulcers, and scorpion stings, and to lower blood glucose.6. Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking; avoid use. T. chebula (dried fruit)28 and T. arjuna (bark)29, 30 have been investigated for activity against human cancer cell lines. Common Name: Large tree growing in Madagascar Photograph by: dodeckahedron. Description. Row of Terminalia m tricolor in the background. Reduction in the frequency of angina and improved treadmill exercise test parameters were found.42, Brachial artery endothelial dysfunction was improved after 2 weeks of T. arjuna bark extract versus placebo in young male smokers.43, In a small study of 12 patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV refractory heart failure, patients were randomized to receive T. arjuna bark 500 mg 3 times daily or placebo for 2 weeks followed by a crossover with a wash-out period for 2 weeks. Available for Android and iOS devices. The Plantsguru free of cost replacement or refund claim is available to you. and the images uploaded by ... are fitting here. Activity has been demonstrated against various gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria including Staphylococcus aureus,12, 13, 14, 15, 16 Salmonella typhi,15, 17 Clostridium perfringens, Escherichia coli,8 certain dermatophytes,18 Bacillus subtilis,15 Staphylococcus epidermidis,15 Pseudomonas aeruginosa,15 and Candida species.18, 19, 20 Aqueous, methanol, butanol, and other fractions have all been evaluated and have somewhat different properties. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Origin: Southern Africa. These clusters of leaves spread out evenly to form the canopy. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. SHOP NOW, FLAT 50% OFF ON WINTER VEGGIE SEEDS. These species are Terminalia arjuna, Terminalia bellerica, and Terminalia chebula. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Serve No. Efficacy of Terminalia arjuna in chronic stable angina: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study comparing Terminalia arjuna with isosorbide mononitrate. The variegated (or tri-color) variety has beautiful green white leaves. Some of these substances have antifungal, antibacterial, anti-cancer and hepatoprotective effects. Roxb., Terminalia chebula Retz.Common Name(s): Argun kahua, Arjuna, Axjun, Bahera (Bahira), Bala harade (T. chebula), Balera (T. bellirica), Behada, Hara, Harada, Haritaki (T. chebula), Hirala, Kumbuk (T. arjuna), Myrobalan. It is possible the name you are searching has less than five occurrences per year. Its common names include clusterleaf , [1] silver cluster-leaf or silver terminalia in English, vaalboom in Afrikaans and mususu in Venda . You can request cancellation through Your Orders page or by contacting customer service within that time. T. arjuna has also been found to exert antiplatelet and anticoagulant activity. Hepatoprotective, cardiovascular, antidiabetes, cholesterol-reducing, antimicrobial, and antioxidant effects have been described. This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or other dietary supplements. However, this effect was not noted in rats receiving sucrose or glucose loads.58, In streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice, daily oral administration of an aqueous extract of T. chebula for 2 months was found to decrease the blood glucose level by 43% (P < 0.01) and significantly reduce the hemoglobin A1c level.59, A 50% methanolic extract of T. arjuna was found to inhibit amylase activity.60. It is mostly found in South Asia such as India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, Malaysia, Indonesia and China. Additionally, the stem bark has been used for its antidysenteric, antipyretic, astringent, cardiotonic, and lithotriptic effects. Medically reviewed by Lane Assignments Lanes, from left to right (Track, Volume, Sample):. Terminalia elliptica Botanical Name: Terminalia elliptica Common Name: Asna, Saj or Saaj, Indian-laure Morphological Characters: Deciduous trees, to 30 m high; bark 15-20 mm thick, surface grey-black, very rough, deeply vertically fissured, horizontally cracked, forming tessellated, thick … tropical almond. Introduction . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Experiments in rats with T. arjuna and extracted arjunolic acid have demonstrated an antiplatelet and anticoagulant action similar to that of acetylsalicylic acid.37, 38, In dogs, T. arjuna bark extract caused dose-dependent hypotension, suggesting adrenergic beta-2 receptor agonist activity.39, Therapeutic and prophylactic doses of T. arjuna bark significantly improved left ventricular function as measured by myocardial contractility index and left ventricular pressures in rats with isoproterenol-induced heart failure. T. bellirica was found to exert inhibitory activity against pancreatic lipase. Adverse reactions similar to those seen with placebo (constipation, headache, abdominal discomfort, body ache) were described in one clinical trial42 while mild gastritis was noted in another.41 T. arjuna also exhibits antiplatelet and anticoagulant activity.37 In a study of rats, T. arjuna extract decreased thyroid hormone levels.75, There were no toxicities when T. arjuna was given at a dose of 2,000 mg/kg to mice.51. 5 µL Chebulinic acid, ellagic acid, and gallic acid (increasing Rf) 1 µL Belleric myrobalan fruit This genus gets it name from Latin terminus, referring to the fact that the leaves appear at the very tips of the shoots. T. bellirica has demonstrated antimicrobial activity in vitro, including activity against methicillin-resistant S. aureus.13, 21, 22, The organic extracts of T. arjuna leaves inhibited the growth of human isolates of S. aureus, Proteus mirabilis, Acinetobacter, and P. aeruginosa. Accepted: TRO: 2012-04-18: Terminalia acuminata Eichler: Accepted: WCSP (in review) 2012-03-23: Terminalia acuta Walp. Experiments in mice51, 62, 63 and human tissue8, 64 as well as one clinical trial55 have demonstrated antioxidant action of T. arjuna and T. chebula species. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983, Flora of Kolhapur District, Yadav S. R & Sardesai M. M, 2002 Botanical name and family. His worship is said to have been instituted by Numa who ordered that every one should mark the boundaries of his landed property by stones to be consecrated to Jupiter Terminalis, and at which … Terminalia catappa . In each layer, the branches form almost parallel to the ground and branches in almost harmonic vein like patterns and ends up with small clusters of green leaves that are 4-9 in a cluster. Terminalia. T. arjuna reaches approximately 30 m in height, has light-yellow flowers, and cone-shaped leaves. The bacterial count was also less on day 4 in those treated with Triphala compared with controls.69, In a study of rats, rats treated with morphine and given 125 and 250 mg/kg of T. chebula seeds produced similar numbers of fecal pellets compared with those rats given saline.70, T. arjuna at doses of 400 and 500 mg/kg exerted gastroprotective effects against diclofenac sodium induced ulceration in a murine model. SHOP NOW. This stunning tarantula sported an amazing metallic blue coloration with a gorgeous fractal pattern on its abdomen and vibrant yellow marking on its legs. The Plant List. In Swiss mice with Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC), a methanolic extract of T. arjuna leaf decreased tumor volume, weight, and viable cell count as well as extending survival.6 Additionally, aqueous extracts of T. arjuna demonstrated antioxidant activity in aldo-keto reductase (AKR) mice with Dalton’s lymphoma. Click thumbnail for enlarged photo. Common name: Variegated Mantaly. SA Tree No: 551 . Name Terminalia; Scientific Name: Terminalia chebula: Native: Asia, but also found in Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Egypt, Iran and Turkey and also in Pakistan and Yunnan, Tibet, Guangdong, Guangxi province of China. Due to the small green leaves, the Madagascar Almond is also suitable for Bonsai. and very distinct from smooth peeling white bark of T. arjuna. Additionally, T. arjuna restored alterations in serum CK-MB levels and improved lipid levels.40. This tree usually grows in coastal areas; leaves are obovate to about 15 x 8 cm, dull on the upper surface wheras in T. sericocarpa they are shiny. However, effects on skin melanin and sebum were not important.68 In addition, Triphala, a formulation consisting of T. chebula, T. bellirica, and Phyllanthus emblica, prepared as a 10% w/w ointment, was found to significantly improve wound closure in rats from day 4 and onward. Juniperus chinensis. Indigenous gadening (South Africa) Drought tolerance: High. T. chebula grows approximately 21 m in height with white flowers and small, ribbed fruits. Potentiation of the anticoagulant effect of warfarin and other anticoagulants might be expected because T. arjuna bark extract exhibits antiplatelet and anticoagulant action similar to that of aspirin.37, Evidence suggests extracts of T. arjuna are well tolerated. I think it is a Terminalia mantaly instead of a Terminalia catappa. Complete wound healing was noted at day 16 in rats treated with Triphala, compared with 25 days in the untreated group. Terminalia is a tree. This product may be unsafe when used before surgery or other medical procedures. Common names: Ain, Asna. It may be exchanged or refunded in case of damage or defective condition on a case to case basis. Our provided plant is cultivated under the strict vigilance of our experienced and well-versed botanists employing ultra-modern farming methods and quality approved fertilizers that boost their productivity and growth. Findings from the study suggest a potential role of T. bellirica for components of metabolic syndrome.54, A reduction in total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol in humans has also been reported with T. arjuna bark extract at a dosage of 500 mg daily.55, Chebulagic acid, isolated from T. chebula, was found to exert noncompetitive and reversible inhibition of maltase, suggesting a potential role in the management of diabetes via alpha-glucosidase inhibition.56 In another study, T. chebula fruit extract demonstrated inhibition against alpha-glucosidase, with the ethyl acetate extract exerting the strongest inhibition, likely because of the high content of chebulagic and chebulinic acids.57 Additionally, chebulagic acid 100 mg/kg orally was found to significantly decrease postprandial blood glucose levels in Sprague-Dawley rats receiving maltose (127 ± 6 mg/dL) compared with controls (165 ± 8 m/dL).