For this, soils were sampled in spring, summer and autumn from Shenyang Long-term Experimental Station, northeastern China. Soil biological activity has important implications for soil carbon (C) sequestration. Soil respiration is a direct and sensitive assessment of soil antecedent biological activity. Soil moisture affects the soil biota in two ways. A high BR generally indicates higher soil microbial activity, however, not biological efficiency. The following table is a summary of measures prepared by the Soil Organic Matter, Formation, Function and Management Committee ( NCERA-59 ) … THIS PAGE IS UNDER DEVELOPMENT Biologial activity in your soil helps to add organic matter, cycle nutrients, and create biodiversity. The various methods of assessing soil biology and biological activity differ in their accuracy, difficulty, and suitability for use. Biologically water is essential for life and for enzyme activity and metabolism and, is a solvent for biological nutrients and other chemicals. In this study, we have investigated the influences of soil type (clay mineralogy) on C … Most biological activity takes place in the top 8 to 12 inches in the soil profile. An ideal soil has a bulk density of about 1.25 g cm-3. Soil moisture. The applicability of microbiological soil analyses for quantification of soil activity was investigated. Soil aggregates are formed through physical, chemical and biological activity below ground. A biologically active soil supports natural soil food webs and the interactions that support a resilient and healthy soil. Soil pH, a measurement of the activity of hydrogen ions (H +) in soil solution, is a variable that drives many aspects of nutrient cycling and soil biology. Formation of aggregates begins with finer soil primary particles binding together. A pH of 7 is considered neutral, below 7 is acidic, and above 7 is alkaline. It indicates the quality of the microbial habitat and thus its ability to optimize nutrient cycling as well as … Bulk Density (ρb): The mass (weight) of unit soil divided by the total volume occupied. Microbial activity, measured as CO 2 –C evolution, was constant over the period of incubation. The objectives of this study were to explore the effects of long-term and continued application of fertilizers and manures on microbial biomass, soil biological activity and their seasonal variations in surface and subsurface soils in relation to soil fertility. Soil biological activity is increasing in importance because it is considered an indicator of “soil health” as well as an indicator of just what a particular soil can contribute to plants. Physically, soil moisture affects soil temperature (water is good conductor of heat) and soil aeration. The rhizosphere, or rooting zone, is an area of intense microbial activity and is integral to plant and soil relationships. However, very little is known about the environmental factors, particularly the effect of soil mineralogy on availability of C for soil microorganisms. They are even influenced by human factors, like tilling, walking on the surface, or even how you fertilize your garden. 1a).However, there was no significant effect of the substrate nor of the 15 N application rate on cumulative CO 2 –C evolution. Within large aggregates, processes that do not require oxygen, such as denitrification, can occur. Biological activity, in particular that of aerobic bacteria and fungi, is greater near the surfaces of soil aggregates than within aggregates. Aggregate formation is a complex process. Measuring Soil Microbial Activity - Great Lakes Bioenergy: This activity examines how soil microbes, such as bacteria and fungi, are involved in carbon cycling. 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