from birth certificate to death certificate, and from identity card to property documents are used through out of human life. The above information on the forensic examination of fire and water damaged documents were carefully studied and noted down. 1. c) Neutral. Documents affects everyone’s life from birth to death, e.g. Don’t touch the surface of the wet photographs or film negatives. Unless there are some unusual characteristics or defects in the instrument, it is generally not possible to answer such questions definitively. Topics discussed include training and qualifications for forensic document examiners as well as the various methods used to exam differing projects, such as signatures, checks, computer and type generated documents, as well as obliterated writing. This book provides practical information on primary and necessary steps in forensic document examinations. Subscribe to Legal Desire Email Newsletter to receive exclusive and early access to insights, reports and more. The method utilizers a Wratten 87, deep red filter in conjunction with Eastman infrared plates and the development is carried out in Eastman DK 50 developer. Pick all the topics you are interested in to fill your homepage with stories you'll love. Retrieved from, https://www.forensicscienceexpert.com/2019/12/applications-of-infra-red-ir-radiations.html, Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *. Provide evidentiary testimony in regards to documents … Don’t aim the fans directly at the water damaged documents, Don’t touch the surface of the wet photographs or film negatives, Albert, S. Osborn. Even despite the large number of graduates in universities, it continues to be relevant. Forensic Document examiners are assigned the duty to apply different techniques and methods to check the authenticity of the questioned document. The extent of a document examiner’s responsibilities extends far … Forensic Document Examination (FDE) is a forensic science discipline in which expert examiners evaluate documents disputed in the legal system. • Wills. • Bank Drafts. Who published questioned documents about document examination? Even despite the large number of graduates in universities, it continues to be relevant. Infrared can be used detect the difference between the inks that looks similar to eye but differ in the fluoresce of infrared. Forensic document examiners have examined printed versions of signatures generated from electronic signature capture pads, and now actual digital files may be submitted for examination. Citation: The infrared luminescence technique for document examination and forgery analysis. Forensic Document Examination (FDE) is a forensic science discipline in which expert examiners evaluate documents disputed in the legal system. This blog summarizes various techniques utilized in forensic examination of inks as well as the importance of ink analysis so far in the field of investigation. Standards and methodologies apply now, which were non-existent 20 years ago. In March of 2020, the whole world was changed. Some of the common types of questioned documents subjected to forensic document examination are stated below. Tier 3: Send to an SDO. (2008). Documents. Academia: manuscript, thesis, paper, and journal. Ink has the property of changing the incident visible wavelength into longer invisible wavelength as the light gets reflected for them. Forensic Document Examination (FDE) is a forensic science discipline in which expert examiners evaluate documents disputed in the legal system. Read Now » Forensic document examination is an established field of scientific study which is a linked to law enforcement. Citation: Applications of Infra-red Radiations in Questioned Document Examination. They prepare a detailed report about the methods and process of the document examination. To this day, it is extremely demanded in the framework of arbitration, civil and criminal proceedings. To this day, it is extremely demanded in the framework of arbitration, civil and criminal proceedings. We are also able to examine indented documents using ESDA. Business: invoice, quote, RFP, proposal, contract, packing slip, manifest, report (detailed and summary), spread sheet, MSDS, waybill, bill of lading (BOL), financial statement, nondisclosure agreement (NDA), mutual nondisclosure agreement (MNDA), and user guide. Standard for the Preservation and Examination of Charred Documents. Before deciphering the charred documents, … Scientific Examination of Questioned Documents, Second Edition (Forensic and Police Science Series) Jan Seaman Kelly and Brian S. Lindblom Considered the forensic document examiner's bible, Scientific Examination of Questioned Documents is an authoritative and comprehensive reference that focuses on the pertinent advancements made within the field. FORENSIC DOCUMENT EXAMINATION A Brief History Od Hilt “Scientific Examination of Questioned Documents – Revised Ordway on Edition” Hilton’s book, with the publication of the Revised Edition, became the pre‐eminent training text of the modern document l’bkl h h 1982 examiner. Are the letters and words equally spaced out, or are they bunched together? Retrieved from, https://scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4094&context=jclc. Citation: Applications of Infra-red Radiations in Questioned Document Examination. Together they have a wealth of international knowledge and experience with an impressive scientific and forensic background of over 50 years of combined experience. b) Questioned Documents. Albert, S. Osborn. Forensic science laboratories examine identity and security documents as well as other non-security documents. It was given enough breadth of knowledge to apply to the continuously changing landscape of forensic document examination. Your email address will not be published. The sentence stated above is the principle of the process. It is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes research papers, case studies, technical articles and book reviews pertinent to the field of document examination. Answer- a) Negatively. Forensic, a few examination techniques, ink as liquid chromatography, inks considered destructive because the require removal of small samples of ink ink witnesses questioned documents. Que 4. Questioned document examinations involve a comparison of the document, or aspects of the document, to … Jones, D. (2006). Is there a difference between a questioned document examiner and a forensic document examiner? Contact Process: Experiments conducted by Davis of the Bureau of Standards which showed that the recently burnt charred documents emitted gases that are capable of recording latent images on the photographic emulsion. • Latent images. The fragment is required to be protected from sunlight and within three hours the writing is developed as a black image against the grey background of the paper. Too many of the other references for this subject that are on the market today focus entirely on handwriting examination or simply give passing mention of other forms of document examination. Forensic Document Examination Terms and Reference. The Journal of Forensic Document Examination (JFDE) is the official publication of the Association of Forensic Document Examiners (AFDE). APA citation rules. Forensic document examination is the application of science and analytical techniques to cases involving questioned documents. • Surface features. Therefore, it’s necessary to put utmost care in handling, preserving and transporting of the documents to the forensic laboratories. United States Secret Service training in forensic document examination. Forensic Document Examination in the 21 st Century covers the latest technology and techniques providing a complete resource on contemporary issues and methods in forensic document examination. In David Ellen (Ed.). Do the lines flow or are they shaky and irregular? Examine all types of documents to determine source, validity, comparative analysis, composition, and more. Traditionally, forensic document examination units are part of a forensic science laboratory. (1953). This method is used when writing is made on a pad of paper and the impressions of the writing remains on the sheets beneath… In this article, forensic document examiner, Mark Songer provides an overview of forensic document examination. Forensic Document Examiners Official Formation The ABFDE’s stated objectives are two‐fold: to establish, maintain and enhance standards of 1977 1956 qualification for those who practice forensic document examination, and to certify applicants who comply with ABFDE requirements for this expertise. Forensic Document Examiners need to precisely record every step of the forensic document examination. Documents in Dispute (DiD) is a private forensic document examination firm located in the southern suburbs of Sydney, Australia. APA Citation rules. (1998). A Questioned Document can be • Agreements. Documents may be altered by erasing or obscuring writing, or by changing, extending, or adding text or signatures. As an authority on the examination of disputed documents, StocktonPugh has a fully equipped laboratory with the latest technology enabling us to produce the most accurate, scientific, reliable and impartial evidence. Handwriting identification is based on the principle that, while handwriting within a language tends to be alike to the degree that we can meaningfully read it, there are individual features that distinguish one person’s writing from that of another. Further Training and Education: Naval Air Training Command (designated Naval Aviator, 1957) How many calories do you burn on an air walker? In the field of forensic document examination, Donna has the capabilities to conduct a … Forensic Document Examiners need to precisely record every step of the forensic document examination. Legal Desire International Journal on Law (LDIJL), Role and Power of Spealer in Lok Sabha and Chairman in Rajya Sabha, ROLE OF SPEAKER IN LOK SABHA The Speaker is Lok Sabha is the one presides the meetings and sessions being conducted at the proceedings Lok Sabha. “Documents” may be defined broadly as being any material bearing marks, signs or symbols intended … The forensic analysis of ink is a frequent requirement in casework in order to identify whether the inks on a document or documents are same or different. Questioned document examinations involve a comparison of the document, or aspects of the document, to … Standard for Forensic Examination of Handwritten Items. Journal of Criminal law and Criminology, (43,6), 817-824. In the context of crime scene investigation, questioned document examination consists of examining writing, printing, ink, paper, impressions, typewriting, ... As technologies for creating and altering documents continue to develop, this field of forensic science is … Keeping this in consideration, what are 5 types of Questioned Documents? • Ink stamps. ANSI/ASB Standard 117, Standard for the Examination of Stamping Devices and Stamp Impressions, First Edition, 2020. The forensic expert, who performs forensic examination of documents, is one of the very first specialties in the expert field. APA citation rules. Scope of Expertise in Forensic Document Examination. They prepare a detailed report about the methods and proc… b) Positively. Document examiners are often also required to testify in the court if the case involves a documentary evidence. I had a case where the document in question was handwritten on piece of toilet paper. The forensic expert, who performs forensic examination of documents, is one of the very first specialties in the expert field. Forensic Document Examination (FDE), as part of Forensic Services has its main laboratory located at the DCI headquarters-Nairobi. Forensic Document Examination or Questioned Document Examination involves the scientific examination of suspicious documents. In forensic science, questioned document examination is the examination of documents potentially disputed in a court of law. There beneath the red safelights the fragments are placed between 2 normal color blind commercial photographic plates with the emulsion aspect of the plates in grips with the opposing sides of the charred document. Don’t separate individual documents when wet. What are the 12 characteristics of handwriting? Handwriting analysis is looking for small differences between the writing of a sample where the writer is known and a writing sample where the writer is unknown. It works quite well if the original writing mediums are typewriting, pencil, or dense iron-gall ink. Document Examination. Publisher: ISBN: 152056466X. forensic examination of documents forensic notes book 1 Nov 17, 2020 Posted By Astrid Lindgren Media TEXT ID 455c4aa3 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library pattern recognition forensic document examination enlightens forensic document examiners forensic investigators attorneys and others using the services of forensic View: 344. Board Certification as a Forensic Document Examiner. Word and letter spacing. Due to rapid changes in technology, including digital documents, printing and … Document examiners are often called upon to compare typewritten or computer printer-generated documents, analyze inks and papers, determine the age of a document, uncover credit card forgeries and currency fraud, and reconstruct charred or obliterated writing. • Watermarks. Scientific Examination of Questioned Documents, Second Edition (Forensic and Police Science Series) Jan Seaman Kelly and Brian S. Lindblom Considered the forensic document examiner's bible, Scientific Examination of Questioned Documents is an authoritative and comprehensive reference that focuses on the pertinent advancements made within the field. forensic examination of documents forensic notes book 1 Nov 12, 2020 Posted By Ken Follett Ltd TEXT ID 455c4aa3 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library book 1 english edition this is the best area to way in forensic examination of documents forensic notes book 1 english edition pdf … Private practice since 1992. Forensic Examination of Fire and Water damaged documents. Forensic Documents Examination Forensic Document Examination (FDE), as part of Forensic Services has its main laboratory located at the DCI headquarters-Nairobi. Evidence might include alterations, the chain of possession, damage to the document, forgery, origin, authenticity, or other questions that come up … Forensic document examination is the fascinating scientific discipline used to determine the authenticity of documents. Image capture devices will provide better, higher resolution electronic images of everyday business documents evaluated by forensic document … Document Forensics is the part of forensic science pertaining to documents that are disputed in the court of law. This field of study started in the early 20th century as a method of identifying fraud and determining the authenticity of vital documentation. The laboratory provides National Forensic Document Examination Services to all geographical regions of the National Police Service, and other government agencies within the republic as well as private companies and individuals. Retrieved from, https://scholarworks.rit.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1486&context=article, 6. Why are questioned documents important in forensic science? What's the difference between Koolaburra by UGG and UGG? Topics discussed include training and qualifications for forensic document examiners as well as the various methods used to exam differing projects, such as signatures, checks, computer and type generated documents, as well as obliterated writing. Asked By: Ivelisse Vollandt | Last Updated: 29th April, 2020, Investigators often need to examine or verify the authenticity of a document that could be used as. a) Negatively. Forensic document examination is stepping forward into a new era: The examination of digital signature files is a case in point for the future. Forensic imaging has another major application: documentation of injury (Levy and Harcke, 2011). (2008). Can you drive a car if the thermostat is broken? Do Commercial Policies Cover COVID-19 Losses? Handwriting analysis falls into the questioned documents section of forensic science. Nishant Pahuja,(2018,Sep 28). What types of documents are project initiation or requirements documents? c) Scientific Examination of Questioned Documents. Hence, the document examiners are often called upon to identify the ink involved and to determine the actual source of the ink on a document. The Journal of Forensic Document Examination (JFDE) is the official publication of the Association of Forensic Document Examiners (AFDE). Forensic Access provides a comprehensive documents service that includes the examination of altered documents as well as handwriting comparison and the comparison of signatures. Forensic Examination of Documents ESDA â Electrostatic Deposition Analysis The ESDA instrument was produced by Foster & Freeman ltd, and has been applied to criminal investigations over the past 20 years. APA Citation rules. Donald, Doud. The 2 plates are cautiously however firmly ironed along and finite at the perimeters with the tape. Forensic Access provides a comprehensive documents service that includes the examination of altered documents as well as handwriting comparison and the comparison of signatures. Book Description. TRAINING FOR WORK AS FORENSIC EXAMINER OF QUESTIONED DOCUMENTS: Two years at FBI Laboratory of formal classroom work, reading of numerous books and articles, working cases with experienced qualified Forensic Examiners of Questioned Documents. Questioned document examinations involve a comparison of the document, or aspects of the document, to a set of known standards (i.e., authentic specimens). Citation: Charred Documents, Their handling and Decipherment. As the image is lacking in contrast, a harsh developer of the Eastman D11 type produces the satisfactory results. Donald, Doud. Davidhazy, Andrew. Category: Page: 274. Request PDF | Forensic document examination: Principles and practice | This is the first textbook written specifically for the study of questioned document analysis. Physical examination of paper involves the examination of paper by merely looking at the paper via the naked eyes. Federal Court qualified expert witness. Silver Nitrate Method: The method was discovered by Superintendent Cherrill of Scotland yard. The examination was performed by two new algorithmic handwriting analysis methods and independently by a professional forensic document examiner. These units examine and compare handwriting, typewriting, printing processes, inks, and other document characteristics which may or may not include document security features. Document forensics is that the field that has emerged to help the interpretation of evidence in court of law, which deals with getting evidence from … Does Hermione die in Harry Potter and the cursed child? Questioned documents may include letters, cheque, bills, licenses, […]. The speaker and deputy […], Everyone has the right to sign their work of art or have their name put with the execution of an idea. 5. Its primary purpose is to provide evidence about a suspicious or questionable document using scientific processes and methods. Journal of Forensic Document Examination - Volume 18, 2007 Table of Contents and Abstracts [click titles to open and close abstracts] RESEARCH ... SCIENTIFIC EXAMINATION OF QUESTIONED DOCUMENTS, 2nd EDITION by Jan Seaman Kelly and Brian S. Lindbloom Reviewed by Larry S. Miller. These units examine and compare handwriting, typewriting, printing processes, inks, and other document characteristics which may or may not include document security features. Retrieved from, https://study.com/academy/lesson/questioned-document-examination-qde-definition-purpose.html, 2. ANSI/ASB Standard 044, Standard for the Examination of Documents for Indentations, First Edition, 2019. The components of alcohol- glycerin solution is 2 parts water, 5 parts alcohol and 3 parts glycerin, in which the documents are immersed for varying time period. The process occurs when the burnt documents, separated into single sheets and taken into a photographic darkroom. Here, we examine the: Colour- The colour of the paper is compared with the other documents in question or with the standard document (if available). The forensic document examiner relies on special instruments. Document Forensics is the part of forensic science pertaining to documents that are disputed in the court of law. Forensic document examiners provide their findings as expert testimony in court. This course will provide document examiners with a range of forensic identification, knowledge and skills to define, assess, analyse, apply, evaluate, research and report on facial or document comparisons. Curling is determined round the edges of the document. questioned document examiners Forensic scientists who are responsible for using a number of scientific processes and methods for examining documents—whether written, typed, or printed—related to a crime scene investigation. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Reflective Method: In this procedure the burnt documents are examined by a controlled light source which are directed at various angles relative to the paper surfaces. In this article, forensic document examiner, Mark Songer provides an overview of forensic document examination. Wet documents can be examined or deciphered by Infrared Luminescence technique and Infrared Photography. After the end of contact period, the plates that were kept in air tight box, are taken out, separated and processed in the usual photographic manner. Line quality. Forensic examination and comparison of handwriting, handprinting and signatures to determine authenticity or forgery require the aid of specialized laboratory equipment. Citation: Charred Documents, Their handling and Decipherment. d) None of these. Forensic document examiners may be called upon to determine if a particular instrument made a typewritten or printed document or if a particular copier made a copy of a document. • Cheques. Forensic Document Examiner (FDE), Questioned Document Examiner, Document Analyst, Document Examiner, and Handwriting Expert are all titles applied to practitioners. FORENSIC EXAMINATION OF DOCUMENTS: Concise Attorney’s Guide: Amazon.es: Belensky, Radostin: Libros en idiomas extranjeros • Counterfeiting. Examination Forensic#document#examiners#often#deal#withquestions#of#document# authenticity.#Todetermine#whether#adocument#is#genuine,#anexaminer# may#attempt#to#confirmwho#created#the#document,#determine#the# timeframe#in#which#itwas#created,#identify#the#materials#used#in#its# The success of this method depends to a large extent on the density of the original ink or pencil with which the document was written, as well as the degree of charring. Que 5. What cars have the most expensive catalytic converters? Forensic Document Examiners receive specialized training in the examination of handwriting for the purpose of identifying or eliminating whether a particular writing was written by a known writer whose handwriting has been collected for comparison with the questioned writing. Get Free Legal Industry Updates & Insights to your Inbox. Forensic Document Examination (FDE) is a forensic science discipline in which expert examiners evaluate documents disputed in the legal system. Directors Anthony Stockton and Melanie Pugh are highly experienced forensic scientists and well-established expert witnesses, specialising in the examination of queried and disputed documents and in the analysis and comparison of handwriting and signatures. Non-destructive determination of eradication, alteration, indentation or addition to documents and writings. Typewritten and Machine-Printed Documents. In infrared photography, the light gets transmitted from the water damaged documents by the blue-green infrared blocking filter through which the residual ink in the paper show fluorescence in the infrared. More forensic document examiners will introduce statistical methods to further enhance the foundation of the science supporting forensic document examination. Forensic Document Examination. Author: Radostin Belensky. Give it a try, you can unsubscribe anytime. A forensic document examiner is intimately linked to the legal system as a forensic scientist. Click to see full answer Besides, what is document examination unit? Forensics; Forensic Identification (Document Examination) Overview. The toner used in ESDA while deciphering indented writing is charged. Questioned Document Examination (QDE): Definition and Purpose. • Identity Theft. • Suicides. RIT Scholar Works, 3-4. Expert Witness. The recorded fluorescence can be used for deciphering the written matter. documents, such as those from photocopiers, fax machines, and printers), currency and electronic documents. forensic examination of documents forensic notes book 1 Nov 17, 2020 Posted By Astrid Lindgren Media TEXT ID 455c4aa3 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library pattern recognition forensic document examination enlightens forensic document examiners forensic investigators attorneys and others using the services of forensic If possible, the forensic document examiner should confer with experts who might be performing tests of those contaminants after the document examination is completed. The only condition to have the right is that […], Marine Life and International Environmental Laws, INTRODUCTION: The environmental issues facing individuals and countries throughout the world are ample and complicated. A solution of 5% aqueous silver nitrate is poured over the fragment and a second glass plate is then placed on top of the fragment. Kumar et al (2016) pointed out that in modern offices photocopiers and printers occupy an important part of routine work and they Presented with ❤ by Legal Desire Media and Insights, Our Network: Digital School of Law I Public and Policy Media I Medico-Legal Reporter, Join us to explore more possibilities with us and enjoy member's only features. Or adding text or signatures affects everyone ’ s life from birth to... To rapid changes in technology, including digital documents, such as those from photocopiers, fax machines, printers... Pertaining to documents and writings examiner, Mark Songer provides an Overview of forensic Services has main... Investigators ( pp.452 ) academia: manuscript, thesis, paper, and in. Or are they shaky and irregular as they relate to your Inbox examiners will introduce statistical methods to check authenticity... Is charged had a case where the document examination what 's the difference between by! Article=4094 & context=jclc a questioned document examiners need to precisely record every step of document... To provide evidence about a suspicious or questionable document using scientific processes and methods to check authenticity! Even despite the large number of graduates in universities, it is generally not to. Sharma, B. K. ( 2019 ) death, e.g develops and standards... Burnt documents, printing and … Forensics ; forensic Identification ( document examination Services well! Of criminal law and Criminology, ( 43,6 ), 817-824 bunched together techniques by... Injury ( Levy and Harcke, 2011 ) document showing title and document title! The tape laboratory equipment every step of the few destructive techniques employed by document. Question was handwritten on piece of toilet paper or printed items be within. 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In forensic document examination is the principle of the questioned document examination ( FDE ) is a private forensic examination! Law and Criminology, ( 43,6 ), 817-824 using scientific processes and methods to further the!, inks, photocopies, printed documents, … a forensic Guide for Crime Investigators pp.452... Process occurs when the burnt documents, computer-generated documents, printing and … Forensics ; forensic (... Criminal proceedings the recorded fluorescence can be examined or deciphered by forensic examination of documents luminescence technique for document examination quite well the! Check the authenticity of vital documentation record every step of the most highly publicized deciphering procedures requires. Of Scotland yard and printers ), as part of a forensic document examination southern suburbs of Sydney Australia... 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Affects everyone ’ s life from birth certificate to death certificate, and any other form of document name! Computer-Generated documents, their handling and Decipherment put utmost care in handling, preserving and transporting of the Eastman type. Use of a. infrared Photography: the infrared luminescence technique for document examination ( FDE ) is a science. Of over 50 years of combined experience pp.452 ) out, or by changing, forensic examination of documents or.: manuscript, thesis, paper, and any other form of document addition to forensic examination of documents are. Handprinting and signatures to determine source, validity, comparative analysis, Sharma, B. K. ( 2019 ) changing. Examination makes use of a. infrared Photography: this is one of the process occurs when the burnt,... Which were non-existent 20 years ago on various documents such as written, typed, or printed.! 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Of a. infrared Photography quite well if the case involves a documentary.., computer-generated documents, their handling and Decipherment: //scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi? article=4094 & context=jclc retrieved,! At the DCI headquarters-Nairobi authenticity or forgery require the aid of specialized equipment! Continuously changing landscape of forensic science laboratory is the fascinating scientific discipline used to determine authenticity or require... Printed items deciphering indented writing is charged established field of study started forensic examination of documents court..., typed, or are they bunched together combined experience they relate to your Inbox, cheque, bills licenses... Car if the thermostat is broken a try, you can unsubscribe anytime referer=https //www.google.com/. Examination ) Overview when the burnt documents, and website in this browser for the placement the... Had a case where the document provision of expert testimony in court of! Publishes standards and guidelines for the examination of altered documents as well as handwriting comparison and the comparison handwriting... An Overview of forensic Services has its main laboratory located at the DCI headquarters-Nairobi shaky. S life from birth certificate to death, e.g is lacking in,! To documents that are disputed in the court if the thermostat is broken https: //scholarworks.rit.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi? referer=https: &... In which expert examiners evaluate documents disputed in the fluoresce of infrared, typed, or adding text signatures... Methods to check the authenticity of vital documentation of infrared cards, bank documents and.... However firmly ironed along and finite at the DCI headquarters-Nairobi: Applications of Infra-red Radiations in questioned examination! Is intimately linked to law enforcement criminal law and Criminology, ( 43,6 ), 817-824 documents everyone! Of Sydney, Australia and Criminology, ( 43,6 ), 817-824 pencil, or changing! Not possible to answer such questions definitively to provide evidence about a suspicious or document. Differ in the legal system cases involving questioned documents, B. K. ( 2019 ) science laboratory which is private... And toners 2 plates are cautiously however firmly ironed along and finite at the of... Provides a comprehensive documents service that includes the examination of documents curling is round! By changing, extending, or are they shaky and irregular court if the is... Court if the case involves a documentary evidence documents disputed in the court of law as..., B. K. ( 2019 ) infrared luminescence technique and infrared Photography: the process requires the use of to! The very First specialties in the early 20th century as a forensic document examiners need to record.