To open the pores in preparation for staining. How to Stain a Deck. After a coat has dried, use 220 or 240 grit sandpaper or extra fine steel wool to lightly sand surface. The water-based stain can raise the grain, and you can do light sanding for a better finish. But truthfully you don’t get much darker in subsequent coats because once the stain seals the wood it won’t penetrate anymore. Is Sanding Between Coats of Stain Necessary? Sand carefully, however, to avoid sanding through the finish and marring the stained surface. You’ll see a blotchy finish of the stain after sanding. var ezouid = "1"; Good luck! var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; Yes, you should stand between the coats if you want good bonding between the coats of stain and a better finish. After a coat has dried, use 220 or 240 grit sandpaper or extra fine steel wool to lightly sand surface. I do sand off lightly between coats at 150 grit. _gaq.push(['f._setSiteSpeedSampleRate', 20]); After that, you’ll notice the whitish powder is gone. That’s why it’s important that you stay extra careful while doing this for polyurethane stains. } Polyurethane stain can be water-based or oil-based. Learn More Wood Staining Tips Buy Wood Stain Online So, we’re going to know which stain needs sanding on the preparation stage, which one needs sanding in between coats, and if the stain needs sanding at all. On extremely soft or porous woods, apply a second coat to further reduce blotchiness when staining. Your email address will not be published. } _gaq.push(['e._setCustomVar',2,'t','120',3]); Rollers are also quick, but not entirely effective. So, you’ll need to do some light sanding between coats of stain. You can begin with 80 grit sandpapers and move towards finer sandpapers. 4. If you apply a second, unnecessary coat of stain to wood that is already adequately covered, you risk creating a tacky surface that is prone to early peeling because the second coat is not penetrating the wood surface, but simply laying on top of the first coat of stain. Polyurethane requires sanding between coats for two reasons. However, use a sponge brush to make sure it’s a thin layer of stain. If the wood has never been coated previously, it is always good practice to sand the surface. Most importantly, they’re easy to apply. Note: Sanding between coats is not necessary, but it will provide a better finish. The first recommendation is to use 220 grit or 240 grit sandpaper. d.setTime(d.getTime() + (365*24*60*60*1000)); if (document.readyState === "complete") { If you intend to apply two coats of stain to your floor, and you want a dark colored floor, then you may need to apply more than two coats of stain. Gel stain tends to penetrate the floor wood deeper because … /* mobile img alignment */ If you worry about the grain raising after staining i would recommend wetting the surface evenly with water after doing initial sanding then finish sand when dry. Do not sand the final coat. You can start with 80 grit sandpaper and slowly move on to light sandpapers. function create_ezolpl(pvID, rv) { As it dries quite fast, you can simply clean it off with a piece of clean rag. Using a stain pad, apply the stain evenly in the direction of the grain, two or three boards at a time, moving from end to end. } else { Minwax, for example, does not recommend standing between coats of stain, at least for oil based stains. Using steel wool to sand between the coats is strictly prohibited. On a previously stained deck, also be sure to sand the entire surface—areas where the sealant has worn away as well as those that still have moisture protection intact. Clean surface with a damp cloth. Also, make sure that the surface is smoothened out by sanding. After a while, move on to lighter sandpapers. Sand bare wood lightly. } float:none !important; This way the surface stays clean from dirt and debris, giving you a smooth surface to work on. Getting the best color usually requires stain mixing, so buy a few different 4-oz. Therefore, it’s vital to seal off sure to seal the end with stain again. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Use the Same Stain Although you can use your bare hands too, that’s completely up to you. That’s because oil-based stain gives us enough time to wipe off the extra amount of stain with a rag easily. Solved! First, it will smooth out any roughness and debris that may have gotten into the finish. margin-left:auto !important; Our main focus of this article is to know different wood stain types and the necessity of sanding each type. Most importantly, it ruins the entire finish of the stain. So, ask yourself if you’re okay with that or not and act accordingly. You see, there are 5 different kinds of stains that are all different from each other and have different requirements. margin-right:auto !important; So, you can use light sanding for the preparation stage. Similar to oil stains, it doesn’t need sanding before, Step 1: Grab some 220 or 240 grit sandpaper. But the finish won’t look nice after you sand it. _gaq.push(['e._setSiteSpeedSampleRate', 10]); But you must sand between coats of water-based stain. You see, oil-based stains take a lot of time to dry. var expires = "expires="+d.toUTCString(); create_ezolpl(pvID, rv); However, you don’t have to do this for oil-based stains. } However, you should never use steel wool to sand wood. To sand between coats of stain is not a must for all kinds of wood. Use 220 or 240 grit sandpaper or extra-fine steel wool to lightly sand the surface. Next up, we have the lacquer stain. The first step to a great wood stain finish is to sand the project thoroughly. Start sanding the wood with a sanding tool. Finally, you can apply your preferred topcoat as the stain isn’t a protector for the wood surface. window.onload = newonload; How to Sand Wood After One Coat of Stain? First, you have to get some 220 or 240 grit sandpaper. Our first type and the most commonly used stain is the oil-based stain. However, once you apply the stain, it’s not necessary to sand the wood again. After sanding a coat of stain, you will see the blotchy finish, but it will go away after another coat on top of it. When you sand, you remove the pigments. Get a Glass Like Finish on Wood: 7 Steps to Make Shiny Furniture, How to Fix Orbital Sander Spinning Too Fast Problem, How to Fix Orbital Sander Not Spinning Issues, How to Make Plywood Smooth and Shiny [7 Plywood Finishing Ideas], Best Sander for Walls & Drywall 2021: Top 8 Reviews for Removing Paint Faster, Dremel vs Rotozip -Oscillating Tool Differences & Uses Explained, How to Smooth Plaster Walls Before Painting [Fix Rough Uneven Walls], 10 Best Knife Grinder for Beginners 2020 [Belt, Disc & Bench] Reviews. I have put it over the top of cetol hls coatings. Typically this will be 2 coats, unless your dealing with extremely dense hardwoods which may only be able to absorb 1 coat of wood stain. var ezdomain = 'homepander.com'; }); Lacquer stains can melt and mix with another layer of the stain. Let’s see the steps about how you can do it. var ezouid = 'none'; If you have previously stained your deck, you can place a piece of tape on the deck and see if wood fibres pull off onto the tape. Every DIY home project guy faced this question once in their lifetime. You can apply another layer of the stain without doing anything. Don’t worry about those. Sanding Vs. After applying the stain, you won’t need to sand between coats of oil-based stain. On new decks, apply only one coat of oil-based deck finishes. Either way, begin by sanding the project well a few times using progressively finer grits of sandpaper as you go. Begin with a medium-grit sandpaper (#120). } If you are using a semi-transparent stain, for example, you only need to apply a single coat using a quality roller, paint sprayer or a brush. For example, you can use 320 or 400 grit sandpaper and sand very carefully. Mark all the pieces with the colors you use to keep them straight. Apply a liberal coat of the pre-stain wood conditioner over the entire wood surface, including the end grain of any board, to ensure even stain absorption. _gaq.push(['e._setCustomVar',1,'template','old_site_noads',3]); Although using a sprayer is a quick way to stain cedar decking, it is not the most effective way. Now, you must be thinking,do I need to sand between coats of gel stain? cans in the color family you’re interested in. @media only screen and (max-width: 600px) { In short, yes it is absolutely necessary to sand between coats of stains. After 48 hours of letting the wood dry, check the weather—rain-free days are the best for applying stain. To sand between coats of water-based stain, you’ll need to use more fine sandpaper. This is not mandatory for oil-based stain. I love to write about tools, home improvement, and DIYs. So, you should start with 80 grit sandpaper and slowly move on to light sandpapers. Nuvo Cabinet Paint vs Rustoleum Makeover Kit Reviews: which is Best? Work your way to a final sanding with a fine-grit sandpaper (#220). Deck Sealer versus Deck Stain. So, you’ll need to do some light sanding between coats of stain. _gaq.push(['f._setCustomVar',1,'template','old_site_noads',3]); Sand Between Coats. Step Three: Staining of the Deck It is at this point that you do your staining, you should know that the kind of wood stain that you use determines the number of coats that you shall apply to your deck. In the beginning, we thought that should you sand between coats of some types of stain? Afterwards, rinse the deck and treat the wood with Brighten, then sand down the deck to ensure a smooth staining surface. Sanding produces a white film over the finish, but will disappear as you apply the next coat. Decks in great condition only a light sanding with an orbital floor sander. That’s why we wrote this entire article for you explaining every single thing about this topic. Sanding after staining will remove the stain in areas creating an un-uniform finish. HP is our little corner on internet to share our experiences, tips, and interests. And make sure that there’s no dust on the surface left after sanding. var curronload = window.onload; If the forecast is dry for at least 36 hours, you’re ready to … Sanding between coats of stain totally depends on the type of stain you’re using. In short, yes it is absolutely necessary to sand between coats of stains. Some would recommend steel wool, but we prefer sanding more. And with another coating, it’ll give an amazing finish. Some types of stain can make the wood grain to rise. window.onload = create_ezolpl.bind(null, pvID, rv); _gaq.push(['e._setAllowAnchor',true]); Gel stain also needs sanding the project surface before applying. The answer is yes, you can do some light sanding between coats of stain for a better finish, but it is not necessary. Note: Sanding between coats is not necessary, but it will provide a better finish. But let us give you a sneak peek. Let’s start and you’ll know everything there it to it-. Like before you have to sand it with some very light sandpaper if the surface gets dirty. you don’t need to sand after staining. You have to sand those with very light sandpapers. 5 Easy Steps on How to Clean up after Stump Grinding, How to Remove Debris from Microfiber Towels: 3 Easy Methods. Doing this light sanding will make the surface bond with good adhesion with the succeeding coating. We would suggest you go for the 320 grit papers and move up to 400 grit sandpapers. necessary to sand between coats of stain? You can lighten stain easily by diluting it with paint thinner. Sanding on the preparation stage can help apply the oil-based stain. ga.src = ('https:' == document.location.protocol ? Every DIY home project guy faced this question once in their lifetime. _gaq.push(['e._trackPageview']); For all types of stain, the question must come in front you that should you sand between coats of wood stain? But you can do some very light sanding if you see finishing defects on the surface. You can use a spray bottle or a wet rag to moisten (not soak) the surface. _gaq.push(['e._setCustomVar',3,'rid','0',2]); __ez.ck.setByCat("ezux_lpl_224370=" + new Date().getTime() + "|" + pvID + "|" + rv + "; " + expires, 3); That’ll clear out everything. Similar to water-based stains, gel stains also need to sand after a coating. It is important to make sure that the wood surface is clean of any dust or debris. With most stains a fair amount of the pigments sit on the surface of the wood. To stain your deck requires 3 coats, each coat 24 hours apart which is a real pain if the deck is in daily use.If you use Sikkens Cetol do not use the Sikkens non slip over the Cetol. Stripping Deck. When you apply the stain the grain will hardly raise. Since you will be applying two coats of stain on your deck, you should pay attention to the weather for the day you plan to do the project. So, you don’t need to sand it. } Some might think that a deck sealer & a deck stain are basically the same things but they are two different products. But it’ll be gone once you’ve put another layer of stain. HomePander is our brand name, as you can see it! But we’re strongly against it. This ensures the stain will properly soak into the wood and have a nice uniform finish. But sanding before applying a stain is a good practice. In short, yes it is absolutely necessary to sand between coats of stains. However, you should know that water-based polyurethanes and oil-based stains do not match well. Gel stain will also affect the depth of color on your floor. If you want a perfect bond between the wood and the stain, you have to do it. Well, with our step-by-step guide, you’ll know the proper way to do it. To avoid “lap marks” make sure that the leading edge is kept wet and that wet stain is brushed into wet stain. var ezo_elements_to_check = Array(); } After that, keep using sanding paper with different grit numbers until you get to 180 or 220 grit sandpaper. Others have suggested steel wool but I'll say it's unnecessary for oil based stains. A heavier sanding is necessary if the wood is warped or has water damage. You could start with 80 grit sandpaper and slowly bring in the lighter sandpapers. However, you don’t have to do this for oil-based stains. After you’re done with sanding, you’ll see that the surface is a lot finer than before. Power washing raises the wood grain, which requires a second light sanding. Choose a day that is not too sunny, but will be warm enough. var did = 224370; Because those stains dry quickly enough and let you wipe off the excess stain. window.google_analytics_uacct = "UA-183878870-14"; Always sand in the direction of the grain to avoid leaving unsightly scratches. create_ezolpl(pvID, rv); var _ezaq = {"ad_cache_level":0,"ad_lazyload_version":0,"city":"Ribe","country":"DK","days_since_last_visit":-1,"domain_id":224370,"engaged_time_visit":0,"ezcache_level":0,"ezcache_skip_code":0,"form_factor_id":1,"framework_id":1,"is_return_visitor":false,"is_sitespeed":0,"last_page_load":"","last_pageview_id":"","lt_cache_level":0,"metro_code":0,"page_ad_positions":"","page_view_count":0,"page_view_id":"d7b3b70d-210d-4fda-4298-bb7fc6c2a967","position_selection_id":0,"postal_code":"6760","pv_event_count":0,"response_time_orig":1493,"serverid":"3.122.99.64:11591","state":"83","t_epoch":1609021189,"template_id":120,"time_on_site_visit":0,"url":"https://homepander.com/sanding-between-coats-of-stain/","user_id":0,"word_count":1341,"worst_bad_word_level":0};var _ezExtraQueries = "&ez_orig=1"; }); }; Most stains need a mild temperature and a period in which there is no moisture – rain – so that it can penetrate the wood properly. TIP: First time with BLO? Some types of stain can make the wood grain to rise. var newonload = function(evt) { After a coat has dried. This sanding serves the same purpose: It evens the finish and helps the next coat adhere better. Saying that I use Sikkens cetol deck on my Jarrah outdoor table& chairs. _gaq.push(function(){ For sanding between coats of Minwax stain which is water-based, you should use a 180 grit sandpaper. var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); But if the surface has some kind of grains of debris, you can use very light sandpaper to sand it. Stain can be applied with a bristle brush, a foam brush, or a cloth. This way you won’t have to face that blotchy look. Also, for polyurethane stain, you can use very light sandpaper. The cost to sand a deck before staining is $30 to $50 per hour and takes 3 to 10 hours, depending on the surface area. It’s because it has the property to melt below another layer of lacquer coating. Before you apply the stain, it’s necessary to sand the wood. if(typeof ezouid == 'undefined') _gaq.push(['e._setDomainName', 'homepander.com']); If we summarize it in one word, then yes it’s necessary. Sweep away dust before applying stain. We’ll also try to whether it’s a good idea to sand all types of stain or just some selective ones. if(window.attachEvent) { Sanding produces a white film over the finish but will disappear as you apply the next coat. pieces and start experimenting. There’s nothing much left to say about the topic. Is it. But you can do some sanding with very fine sandpapers. Therefore, if you are looking to apply water-based poly formula over the stain, you should ensure that you sand the surface before you can apply your finish. var soc_app_id = '0'; })(); You can sand between coats of stain if you are a perfectionist, and we appreciate it. figure.alignleft, img.alignleft, figure.alignright, img.alignright, figure img { _gaq.push(['f._setCustomVar',2,'domain','homepander.com',3]); Use a Brush is for Staining. Lacquer Stain doesn’t need sanding between coats. If you want a darker color, you try applying multiple layers of the stain. Daniel Pitts( Owner & Chief Editor), who is a 15 years Blogger and IT Engineer from the USA, is recently pursuing MBA in Finance from Columbia Business School. Now that you know that it’s absolutely necessary to sand between coats of stains, you need to know how to do it. The best way to apply the caulk is to put it on between the first and second coats, making sure the first coat is completely dry and the caulk is completely dry and … _gaq.push(['f._trackPageview']); However, we shouldn’t spill everything here. After sanding the wood, you might see some whitish powder. For composite decking—that’s decking made from recycled plastic materials and wood—follow the manufacturer’s recommendations. Even though they come as both water and oil-based stain, they still don’t require sanding. Let’s start-. .site-title a { background: url(https://homepander.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/homepander.png) no-repeat !important; } function attach_ezolpl(pvID, rv) { var ezoFormfactor = '1'; __ez.queue.addFunc("attach_ezolpl", "attach_ezolpl", ["d7b3b70d-210d-4fda-4298-bb7fc6c2a967", "false"], false, ['/detroitchicago/boise.js'], true, false, false, false); HomePander - An Information Guide to Paint and Cleaning. The two-coat application process doesn’t take more than a few hours, but allow for 1-2 hours drying time between coats. Finally, give the stain some time to dry off and you’ll be done. For some type of stain, sanding is the right thing to do where it’s prohibited for some types. I use many kinds of tools almost every day at my workplace. A lot of people suggest using steel wool for sanding the wood. You do need to sand between coats of varnish. Sand extra trim, cut it into 3-in. Even though we told you that you should sand between coats of stain. Our Recommendations: General Finishes Water Based Wood Stain. Don’t sand after you apply wood stain. _gat._createTracker('UA-183878870-14', 'e'); Quick Pick: Best Wood Stains/ Best Gel Stain: Minwax wood finish. Depends on what kind of stain your using. Water-based stains are more and more popular. But if you’re using a water-based stain, start with 80 grit sandpaper. It’s because water-based stain raises the wood grain, which doesn’t look good until you sand it. The thing is water-based stains tend to make the wood grains quite visible. You can do much sanding as it can affect the layer of the stain. Use a 320 grit sandpaper to make the defects smoothened out and keeps the surface as clear as possible before another layer of lacquer stain. But make sure to wait between the coats. Read Also => Top 6 Best Outdoor Concrete Stain 2020 Reviews. Do I need to sand between stain coats? While it’s required that you sand before you apply another layer of stain, it depends on the type of stain you’re using. var _gaq = _gaq || []; _gaq.push(['f._setDomainName', 'homepander.com']); That’s why you should always know what type of stain you’re using and then do all the sanding. But it will provide a better finish. curronload(evt); Sprayed on stain does not penetrate the surface of the deck fully. The most popular stain of all time are oil stains. We’re a team of home enthusiasts. if(window.onload) { Sanding between coats is not necessary. For a darker look, you can do multiple layers of stain and sand lightly in between the coats, which are not a must. For a better finish and perfect bonding between two layers of stain, the answer is yes. Now, bring the 80 grit sandpaper and start sanding slowly. Let’s start and you’ll know what we mean-. On the other hand, polyurethane stains require something different. No, you only need to wipe off the excess stain with a rag. Hence, you’ll be good for staining, and your project will have a more natural look. Now, you’ll notice a white-ish look on the surface of your project. While it’s required that you sand before you apply another layer of stain, it depends on the type of stain you’re using. Also, sanding between coats of deck stain or wood stain is required to … If it’s dye or waterbased you can sand between coats to open the grain. It’s also imperative that it won’t be raining when you stain. Moreover, it’ll provide a better finish. I am a mechanical engineer. The thing is steel wool tends to damage the surface of the wood. To sand between coats of stain is not a must for all kinds of wood. SolveSonic.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, and we get a commission on purchases made through our links. The same things but they are two different products about good adhesion applying a stain is not must! Joke, it attracts dirt and debris that may have gotten into finish... How to sand wood do very light sandpapers after a coat has dried, use 220 240... Application process is fast and easy without 320 or 400 grit sandpaper extra... Also = > top 6 Best outdoor Concrete stain 2020 Reviews melt below another layer of lacquer.! Will provide a better finish and perfect bonding between the wood surface evens the and. 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